Novel BzCl To Meth In One Pot , Hive Chemistry Discourse
 
    PrimoPyro (Hive Addict) 12-18-01 02:09 No 248565       Novel BzCl To Meth In One Pot </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=248565&Number=248565&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br> Hi. <img src="../forum/images/icons_lightgrey/smile.gif" alt="smile" title="Smile" heigth="15" width="15"><br><br>It's time for PrimoPyro's questionable synthesis of the week, assembled from materials found at Rhodium's website. This time it's a rather simple discussion, and I hope this to bee a viable option. Thank you for reading this, and thank you for any data you share. <img src="../forum/images/icons_lightgrey/smile.gif" alt="smile" title="Smile" heigth="15" width="15"><br><br>The basic synthesis involves benzyl chloride, or phenyl methyl chloride, forming a grignard intermediate, and reaction with acetonitrile to form a phenyl-2-imino-propane intermediate with magnesium halide. This is either decomposed by hydrolysis to P2P, or reduced with NaBH4 to amphetamine in one pot.<br><br>This synthesis deals with the reduction to amphetamine. The mother document is:<br><br><a href="http://chemistry.mdma.ch/hiveboard/rhodium/chemistry /amphetamine.html" target="_blank" title="Jump to this external site">../rhodium/chemistry /ampheta<wbr>mine.htm<wbr>l</a><br><br>By switching the functional groups, as suggested by rhodium in that document, you can then use benzyl chloride and acetonitrile, instead of phenyl-acetonitrile and methyl iodide.<br><br>So this one pot synthesis is established. No questions here. Wonderful. Let's move on.<br><br>I'd like you to look at:<br><br><a href="http://chemistry.mdma.ch/hiveboard/rhodium/chemistry /amphetamine.methylation.html" target="_blank" title="Jump to this external site">../rhodium/chemistry /ampheta<wbr>mine.met<wbr>hylation<wbr>.html</a><br><br>and at the first synthesis, using formaldehyde + reducing agent. Example 3, with the LiAlH4 is the subject here.<br><br>I want to know if it is feasable, to combine this step with the one pot amphetamine synthesis. I wonder a few things specifically:<br><br>1.Could the addition of formaldehyde step, be done in the same pot as the previous amphetamine formation?<br><br>2.In the reduction of the N-formyl-amphetamine, is NaBH4 a suitable reducing agent? If so, one could use additional NaBH4 from the amphetamine forming reaction to reduce the N-formyl-amphetamine. I dont mean to add excess in the first reaction, I mean merely to be able to use the same reducing agent for both reactions in a single pot.<br><br>3.If NaBH4 cannot bee used for the N-formyl-amphetamine reduction, then my next question is: Can LiAlH4 bee used as the reducing agent for the reduction of the magnesium halide derivative to amphetamine, instead of NaBH4, in the first reaction?<br><br>I dont want to use two different reducing agents, Id much rather use the same one for each step, and most desireably, in a cleaned up one pot synthesis.<br><br>In any answer, if it doesnt work for the one pot, please act as if the question were re-asked, just applying to using it in a seperate reaction.<br><br>Thank you again for reading this. <img src="../forum/images/icons_lightgrey/smile.gif" alt="smile" title="Smile" heigth="15" width="15"><br><br>                                                   PrimoPyro<br><hr><font color="blue"><i>Vivent Longtemps la Ruche!</i></font color="blue"> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> <td align="left" valign="top" class="text_bg"> <img src="../forum/images/left_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td colspan="7"><a name="Post248664"></a></a> </td> <td align="right" valign="top"><img src="../forum/images/right_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td valign="top" align="center" rowspan="2"> PrimoPyro<br> <i>(<span title="The user's title at the time of posting">Hive Addict</span>)</i><br> <span title="Posting date">12-18-01 10:44</span><br> <span title="Link to this post by using the markup [248664]">No 248664</span><br> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td rowspan="2" width="1" class="vert_ruler"> <img src="../forum/images/hr.gif" border="0" width="1" height="1"> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td class="text_bg" align="left" valign="top"> <title>Re: Novel BzCl To Meth In One Pot </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=248664&Number=248664&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br> I see that no one can really answer my question yet? 46 views, two are my own, so 44 people have viewed the thread; no replies. Ok. I will continue to wait.<br><br>Meanwhile, I'd like to add that I found this little gem:<br><br><a href="http://chemistry.mdma.ch/hiveboard/rhodium/chemistry /grignardimine.html" target="_blank" title="Jump to this external site">../rhodium/chemistry /grignar<wbr>dimine.h<wbr>tml</a><br><br>I remember this concept was brought up once before, by tomjuan, but this is somewhat different, as he wanted to take it back too many steps too far, and thus lost efficiency, and the idea was canned.<br><br>Ah, this paragraph was written over a half hour later than the last, after I utfse for the reactions I wanted to talk about. Wow, I know a lot more about this now, it's kinda cool. Most of my questions have been answered. <img src="../forum/images/icons_lightgrey/smile.gif" alt="smile" title="Smile" heigth="15" width="15"><br><br>There seems to be some debate on the order to add the reagents together: benzyl magnesium chloride to acetald(methyl)imine, or the reverse? Flat out, which is the correct way?<br><br>Basically the desired synthesis for SWIPP would bee thus:<br><br>To take BzCl and form the grignard in THF with pure Mg and perhaps a small iodine crystal if needed. Nothing worth talking about here.<br><br>Form the imine between methylamine and acetaldehyde, in THF solvent, with in situ drying via anhydrous zeolite. This is chilled quickly and immediately the addition is begun between the BzMgCl and MeAm=Et, in whichever order is correct.<br><br>Also, as a seperate idea, an addition if you will:<br><br>I was wondering if this would solve all the issues of getting methylamine freebase in THF, and of the water product of imine formation: THF is dried first of course, then magnesium alkoxide is solvated in the THF, followed by addition of methylamine sulfate.<br><br>The magnesium alkoxide reacts with the methylamine sulfate to form methylamine freebase, magnesium sulfate (a drying agent<img src="../forum/images/icons_lightgrey/cool.gif" alt="cool" title="Cool" heigth="15" width="15">) and an alcohol, instead of water. All are formed in completely anhydrous conditions, as the THF is dry, and no water is formed. Then upon imine formation with acetaldehyde, the water is sucked up by the anhydrous MgSO4.<br><br>The discussion is not about the difficulties of preparing Mg alkoxides.....yet. This thread is for their USE. Thank you.<br><br>So people, whatcha think?<br><br>                                                PrimoPyro<br><hr><font color="blue"><i>Vivent Longtemps la Ruche!</i></font color="blue"> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> <td align="left" valign="top" class="text_bg"> <img src="../forum/images/left_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td colspan="7"><a name="Post248673"></a></a> </td> <td align="right" valign="top"><img src="../forum/images/right_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td valign="top" align="center" rowspan="2"> <font color="#FF0033">Rhodium</font><br> <i>(<span title="The user's title at the time of posting">Chief Bee</span>)</i><br> <span title="Posting date">12-18-01 11:27</span><br> <span title="Link to this post by using the markup [248673]">No 248673</span><br> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td rowspan="2" width="1" class="vert_ruler"> <img src="../forum/images/hr.gif" border="0" width="1" height="1"> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td class="text_bg" align="left" valign="top"> <title>Re: Novel BzCl To Meth In One Pot<br> <i title="This post has been up-rated by the moderators">(Rated as: excellent)</i> </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=248673&Number=248673&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br> Your ideas are often so big and general, that it is hard to give a short, easy answer, like those I use to give. It would also help to add specific questions 1, 2, 3 etc to be answered. <br><br>In <span title="Jump to this post"><a href="http://chemistry.mdma.ch/hiveboard/DUMMY">Post 18602</a> <i>(Rhodium: "Re: a revolution in amphetamine synthesis ??", Chemistry Discourse)</i></span>, <span title="Jump to this post"><a href="http://chemistry.mdma.ch/hiveboard/DUMMY">Post 20327</a> <i>(Scooby_Doo: "Re: P2Pol from acetaldehyde", Chemistry Discourse)</i></span>, <span title="This post does not exist">Post 103438 (not existing)</span> and <span title="Jump to this post"><a href="http://chemistry.mdma.ch/hiveboard/novel/000202649.html#Post202649">Post 202649</a> <i>(Rhodium: "Meth via grignard rxn (Gazz Chim Italiana)", Novel Discourse)</i></span> you will find discussions on the BnMgCl + acetaldehyde methylimine reaction. <br><br>For your idea about using Mg(OR)2 as drying agent for a Grignard is not good - the formed alcohol would react with the grignard reagent, forming a hydrocarbon (PhCH2MgCl gives toluene for example). <br><br>To go back to your questions in the first post:<br><br>Yes, the reaction can probably be tweaked somehow to be a one-pot reaction mixture, but you would lose a lot of yield/efficiency, compared to the 1-2 acid/base extractions you skip inbetween. The NaBH4 reduction of the magnesium imine proceeds in methanol, and thus a LiAlH4 reduction cannot be performed afterwards without thorougly evaporating the reaction mixture first, and then you might as well do an acid/base extraction at that point. <br><br>In an environment, where you have isolated the N-formylamine, LiAlH4 is usually used to reduce the amide. However, I have never seen LiAlH4 being used for a reductive amination like the preceeding step. If you do not isolate the formylamine (from amine + HCOOH) but instead make the imine (from amine + HCHO) you could in an anhydrous environment reduce it to the secondary amine, but you might get problems getting just the right number of alkylations (you want an N-methyl, with 1 eqv HCHO you might get 50/50 of dimethylamphetamine and amphetamine, even if you would expect 100% N-methylamphetamine). NaBH4 does not reduce amides (like N-formylamine) alone without additives like transition metal salts (Ni/Co/Cu) or lewis acids. <br><br>It is hard to say before it has been tried, but in your position, I would rather do it all stepwise first in a triel, and then later try to skip on the isolation steps, and see if the yield goes through the floor, or if the desired product is obtained. </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> <td align="left" valign="top" class="text_bg"> <img src="../forum/images/left_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td colspan="7"><a name="Post248678"></a></a> </td> <td align="right" valign="top"><img src="../forum/images/right_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td valign="top" align="center" rowspan="2"> <font color="#ff0000">Osmium</font><br> <i>(<span title="The user's title at the time of posting">Stoni's sexual toy</span>)</i><br> <span title="Posting date">12-18-01 11:56</span><br> <span title="Link to this post by using the markup [248678]">No 248678</span><br> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td rowspan="2" width="1" class="vert_ruler"> <img src="../forum/images/hr.gif" border="0" width="1" height="1"> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td class="text_bg" align="left" valign="top"> <b title="The subject of this post">Re: Novel BzCl To Meth In One Pot</b> </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=248678&Number=248678&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br> Amphetamine + formaldehyde does not produce formylamphetamine!<br>I think you know that, I'm just saying this in case somebody understood your post like that.<br><br>If I were you I'd consider the following reaction:<br><br>Amphetamine + 1 eq. CH2O ---[Al/Hg]---> meth <br><br>Since the Al/Hg will work in Et2O or THF solvent too this seems to me like the easiest and highest-yielding way to do this reaction semi-one-pot-like. Once the grignard is done and hydrolysed add aq. formaline and amalgamated Al, reflux a while, and use common workup procedures. Yields should be 80-90%. </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> <td align="left" valign="top" class="text_bg"> <img src="../forum/images/left_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td colspan="7"><a name="Post248682"></a></a> </td> <td align="right" valign="top"><img src="../forum/images/right_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td valign="top" align="center" rowspan="2"> PrimoPyro<br> <i>(<span title="The user's title at the time of posting">Hive Addict</span>)</i><br> <span title="Posting date">12-18-01 12:21</span><br> <span title="Link to this post by using the markup [248682]">No 248682</span><br> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td rowspan="2" width="1" class="vert_ruler"> <img src="../forum/images/hr.gif" border="0" width="1" height="1"> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td class="text_bg" align="left" valign="top"> <b title="The subject of this post">Re: Novel BzCl To Meth In One Pot</b> </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=248682&Number=248682&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br> Rhodium:<br><br>I try to present as clear a scenerio as I can, I guess it's just my writing style? It all stems from that inborn loathing of being wrong or being misunderstood.<br><br>Thanks for the links. I had already read them except for the second one. I didnt catch that one.<br><br>I knew that damn alcohol would react with the grignard, I was hoping it wouldnt. I looked up girgnard reagent in my dictionary after I wrote the post, so I re-learned that again, about the hydrocarbons. Damn thats irritating, that ruined a perfectly good idea.<br><br>Well, since one would already have to have magnesium metal to form the grignard reagent, how about wasting some more magnesium metal to add with the (MeAm)2.H2SO4 to steal the sulfate directly? Wait, fuck, that'd produce hydrogen, which could be solvated, and reduce the imine to the amine, and lower yield. Goddamn, that MeAm sulfate is a dead end. I dont want no stinkin' gassing. O well, time to move on.<br><br>As for the first reaction, Im sorry to say that compared to this one, the imine reaction, the first requires too many reagents IMO, and is a poorer choice. If I were to go a different route than the imine, it would have to be a variation of the first synth, making the phenylacetylimine derivative, and then hydrolyzing it to P2P. But I like this new one better <img src="../forum/images/icons_lightgrey/cool.gif" alt="cool" title="Cool" heigth="15" width="15"><img src="../forum/images/icons_lightgrey/tongue.gif" alt="tongue" title="Tongue" heigth="15" width="15"><img src="../forum/images/icons_lightgrey/cool.gif" alt="cool" title="Cool" heigth="15" width="15"><br><br>Anyways, as always, your advice is greatly appreciated, and noted for future dreams.<br><br>Osmium:<br><br>Is that directed at me? I know it doesnt work like that, but it's pictured like that at Rhod's site. I wondered about that possibly being an error.<br><br>I did consider that reaction, but lately Ive had a change of heart as to being 100% OTC, and in this dream, said fuck it, I'll buy NaBH4 or LAH, no Hg this time. But it is still a valid reaction, I agree. And damn! Thats a good yield too!<br><br>Thank you for commenting as well, Os.<br><br>                                                 PrimoPyro<br><hr><font color="blue"><i>Vivent Longtemps la Ruche!</i></font color="blue"> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> <td align="left" valign="top" class="text_bg"> <img src="../forum/images/left_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td colspan="7"><a name="Post248690"></a></a> </td> <td align="right" valign="top"><img src="../forum/images/right_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td valign="top" align="center" rowspan="2"> <font color="#FF0033">Rhodium</font><br> <i>(<span title="The user's title at the time of posting">Chief Bee</span>)</i><br> <span title="Posting date">12-18-01 14:53</span><br> <span title="Link to this post by using the markup [248690]">No 248690</span><br> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td rowspan="2" width="1" class="vert_ruler"> <img src="../forum/images/hr.gif" border="0" width="1" height="1"> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td class="text_bg" align="left" valign="top"> <b title="The subject of this post">Re: Novel BzCl To Meth In One Pot</b> </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=248690&Number=248690&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br> There was an error on my <a href="http://chemistry.mdma.ch/hiveboard/rhodium/chemistry /amphetamine.methylation.html" target="_blank" title="Jump to this external site">../rhodium/chemistry /ampheta<wbr>mine.met<wbr>hylation<wbr>.html</a> page which is now corrected. I wrote that the formylamine was formed upon treatment with formaldehyde, while the correct answer is the amphetamine formylimine. I have corrected the pictures and the text now. <br><br>I would advise against trying to generate methylamine from its salts in situ in this already sensitive reaction. Make chilled etheral equimolar solutions of acetaldehyde and methylamine, and mix them cooled to 0C over silica gel or molecular sieves with swirling. This should form an unstable solution of acetaldehyde methylimine, which must be kept cold and used immediately. </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> <td align="left" valign="top" class="text_bg"> <img src="../forum/images/left_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td colspan="7"><a name="Post396245"></a></a> </td> <td align="right" valign="top"><img src="../forum/images/right_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td valign="top" align="center" rowspan="2"> Disciple<br> <i>(<span title="The user's title at the time of posting">Stranger</span>)</i><br> <span title="Posting date">01-07-03 23:27</span><br> <span title="Link to this post by using the markup [396245]">No 396245</span><br> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td rowspan="2" width="1" class="vert_ruler"> <img src="../forum/images/hr.gif" border="0" width="1" height="1"> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td class="text_bg" align="left" valign="top"> <b title="The subject of this post">Re:Novel BzCl To Meth In One Pot</b> </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=396245&Number=396245&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br> Can you just add the MeAm salt to the ether, or should you neutralise and bubble the freebase through this mixture. <br>(Just asking for a clarification thats all)<img src="../forum/images/icons_lightgrey/wink.gif" alt="wink" title="Wink" heigth="15" width="15"> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> <td align="left" valign="top" class="text_bg"> <img src="../forum/images/left_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td colspan="7"><a name="Post403783"></a></a> </td> <td align="right" valign="top"><img src="../forum/images/right_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td valign="top" align="center" rowspan="2"> Cept<br> <i>(<span title="The user's title at the time of posting">Hive Bee</span>)</i><br> <span title="Posting date">02-03-03 02:30</span><br> <span title="Link to this post by using the markup [403783]">No 403783</span><br> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td rowspan="2" width="1" class="vert_ruler"> <img src="../forum/images/hr.gif" border="0" width="1" height="1"> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td class="text_bg" align="left" valign="top"> <b title="The subject of this post">Sieves</b> </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=403783&Number=403783&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br>   What effect do the sieves or gel have, keeping it anhydrous? Is this the only way to generate the acetaldehyde-formylimine or just a dank way to keep it dry? <br>    <br><br> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> <td align="left" valign="top" class="text_bg"> <img src="../forum/images/left_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td colspan="7"><a name="Post403894"></a></a> </td> <td align="right" valign="top"><img src="../forum/images/right_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td valign="top" align="center" rowspan="2"> <font color="#FF0033">Rhodium</font><br> <i>(<span title="The user's title at the time of posting">Chief Bee</span>)</i><br> <span title="Posting date">02-03-03 09:17</span><br> <span title="Link to this post by using the markup [403894]">No 403894</span><br> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td rowspan="2" width="1" class="vert_ruler"> <img src="../forum/images/hr.gif" border="0" width="1" height="1"> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td class="text_bg" align="left" valign="top"> <b title="The subject of this post">Yup, it's added to absorb water.</b> </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=403894&Number=403894&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br> Yup, it's added to absorb water. The original synthesis used sodium sulfate, but molecular sieves are more effective. </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> <td align="left" valign="top" class="text_bg"> <img src="../forum/images/left_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td colspan="7"><a name="Post408413"></a></a> </td> <td align="right" valign="top"><img src="../forum/images/right_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td valign="top" align="center" rowspan="2"> cthulhujr<br> <i>(<span title="The user's title at the time of posting">Hive Bee</span>)</i><br> <span title="Posting date">02-16-03 05:21</span><br> <span title="Link to this post by using the markup [408413]">No 408413</span><br> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td rowspan="2" width="1" class="vert_ruler"> <img src="../forum/images/hr.gif" border="0" width="1" height="1"> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td class="text_bg" align="left" valign="top"> <b title="The subject of this post">preserving acetaldehyde methylimine</b> </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=408413&Number=408413&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br>   <font color="red">Question Deleted</font color="red"><br><br>  It took swim way to long to realise why the methylamine wasn't dissolving, so that dilemma fixed itself.<img src="../forum/images/icons_lightgrey/crazy.gif" alt="crazy" title="Crazy" heigth="15" width="15"> <br>  <br> <span title="The signature"><hr><i>I-R'lyeh! Cthulhu fhtagn! I I!</i></span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> <td align="left" valign="top" class="text_bg"> <img src="../forum/images/left_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td colspan="7"><a name="Post427752"></a></a> </td> <td align="right" valign="top"><img src="../forum/images/right_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td valign="top" align="center" rowspan="2"> Richy<br> <i>(<span title="The user's title at the time of posting">Stranger</span>)</i><br> <span title="Posting date">04-18-03 08:57</span><br> <span title="Link to this post by using the markup [427752]">No 427752</span><br> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td rowspan="2" width="1" class="vert_ruler"> <img src="../forum/images/hr.gif" border="0" width="1" height="1"> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td class="text_bg" align="left" valign="top"> <b title="The subject of this post">acetaldehyde</b> </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=427752&Number=427752&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br> From what i've read so far, this synth looks bloody kickarse! I've gone over all the precursors, and have no problems except with magnesuim and acetaldehyde. where could magnesuim be purchased? secondly the acetaldehyde seems like quite a stumbling block....i know that oxidising ethanol will give us the ethanal and i've read the synthesis on rhodiums, but i doubt its possible for myself. i did read, after a google search, that ethanol can be acidified with potassium permaganate to yield acetaldehyde, which is a good thing since the permaganate is avaliable to me! but i require additional information. i have done several searches using TFSE, but with no luck. What's the easiest, OTC, ghettoest way of obtaining acetaldehyde? <br><br>Its appreciated of course, guys! <br> <span title="The signature"><hr>Fat chicks think they're hot, hot chicks think they're fat. What the fuck is up with that?</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> <td align="left" valign="top" class="text_bg"> <img src="../forum/images/left_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td colspan="7"><a name="Post427759"></a><a name="last"></a></a> </td> <td align="right" valign="top"><img src="../forum/images/right_top.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td rowspan="2"> </td> <td valign="top" align="center" rowspan="2"> SpicyBrown<br> <i>(<span title="The user's title at the time of posting">Hive Bee</span>)</i><br> <span title="Posting date">04-18-03 09:38</span><br> <span title="Link to this post by using the markup [427759]">No 427759</span><br> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td rowspan="2" width="1" class="vert_ruler"> <img src="../forum/images/hr.gif" border="0" width="1" height="1"> </td> <td rowspan="2">  </td> <td class="text_bg" align="left" valign="top"> <b title="The subject of this post">Re: i did read, after a google search, that...</b> </td> <td class="text_bg" align="right" valign="top">  <a href="https://www.the-hive.ws/forum/favorites.pl?Cat=&option=add&number=427759&Number=427759&page=34&view=&sort=5&part=&vc=&new=&backto=showflat" title="Add this post to your bookmark list in your Private Area">Bookmark</a>  </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td colspan="2" valign="top" align="left"> <br> <blockquote title="Quoted text"><hr><p>i did read, after a google search, that ethanol can be acidified with potassium permaganate to yield acetaldehyde,<p><hr></blockquote><p><br>Hmm.. That doesn't sound quite right. Where did you read that? KMnO<sub>4</sub> will oxidize ethanol mostly to acetic acid... You need a weaker oxidizing agent like PCC, or otherwise special conditions to stop at the aldehyde point. KMnO<sub>4</sub> will indeed oxidize ethanol to acetaldehyde, but unless you can remove the aldehyde as it is formed or otherwise stop the oxidizing agent from working, it will easily oxidize the aldehyde again to the carboxylic acid.<br><br>For all the info you ever wanted about permanganate oxidations, see for example this excellent review: <br>Fatiadi, Alexander J. <b>"The Classical Permanganate Ion: Still a Novel Oxidant in Organic Chemistry"</b> <i>Synthesis</i> <b>1987</b>; 85-127 DOI:<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s%2D1987%2D27859" target="_blank" title="Jump to this online publication">10.1055/s-1987-27859</a><br><br>... And since I'm bored right now, how about some more info about the industrial preparation of acetaldehyde...<br>From <i>Ullman's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 6th ed</i>:<br><hr><b>Dehydrogenation of Ethanol.</b> In the first work on ethanol dehydrogenation, published in 1886, ethanol was passed through glass tubes at 260 C.<br>CH3CH2OH (l) CH3CHO (l) + H2 (g) DH = + 82.5 kJ/mol<br>Improved yields are obtained in the presence of catalysts such as platinum, copper, or oxides of zinc, nickel, or cobalt. In later patents, zinc and chromium catalysts [34], oxides of rare earth metals [35], and mixtures of copper and chromium oxides [36] have been reported. The lowest amounts of decomposition products are obtained using copper catalysts. Frequent regeneration of the catalysts is required, however.<br> Process Description. Ethanol vapor is passed at 260 290 C over a catalyst consisting of copper sponge or copper activated with chromium oxide in a tubular reactor [37]. A conversion of 25 50 % per run is obtained. By washing with alcohol and water, acetaldehyde and ethanol are separated from the exhaust gas, which is mainly hydrogen. Pure acetaldehyde is obtained by distillation; the ethanol is separated from water and higher-boiling products by distillation and flows back to the reactor. The final acetaldehyde yield is ca. 90 %. Byproducts include butyric acid, crotonaldehyde, and ethyl acetate.<br><br><b>Oxidation of Ethanol.</b> Oxidation of ethanol is the oldest and the best laboratory method for preparing acetaldehyde. In the commercial process, ethanol is oxidized catalytically with oxygen (or air) in the vapor phase.<br>CH3CH2OH (g) + 1/2 O2 (g) CH3CHO(l) + H2O (l) DH = - 242.0 kJ/mol<br>Copper, silver, and their oxides or alloys are the most frequently used catalysts [38].<br>For an example of a simultaneous oxidation dehydrogenation process, see [39].<br> Veba-Chemie Process (Fig. (1)). Ethanol is mixed with air and passed over a silver catalyst at 500 650 C (c). The temperature depends on the ratio of alcohol to air and the flow rate of the gas through the catalyst. Alcohol conversion varies between 50 and 70 % and the yield is between 97 and 99 % depending on the reaction conditions. Acetaldehyde and unreacted alcohol are removed from the waste gas by washing with cold alcohol (e) and separated by fractional distillation (h); after concentration the alcohol returns to the reactor. Heat formed in the reaction is utilized for steam production using a waste-heat recovery system immediately after the reaction zone.<br>The waste gas consists mainly of nitrogen, hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide; it is burned as lean gas with low calorific value in steam generators. Small amounts of acetic acid are obtained as a byproduct.<br><br><b>[34]</b> SU 287 919, 1970.<br><b>[35]</b> Heavy Minerals Co., US 2 884 460, 1955 (V.<br>     I.Komarevsky).<br><b>[36]</b> Knapsack-Griesheim, DE 1 097 969, 1954 (W. Opitz, W. <br>     Urbanski); DE 1 108 200, 1955 (W. Opitz, W. Urbanski).<br><b>[37]</b> W. L. Faith, D. B. Keyes, R. L. Clarks: Industrial <br>     Chemicals, 3rd ed., J. Wiley & Sons, New York 1965, p. 2.<br><b>[38]</b> Shell Development Co., US 2 883 426, 1957 (W. <br>     Brackman).Eastman Kodak Co., US 3 106 581, 1963 (S.<br>     D.Neely).Veba-Chemie, DE 1 913 311, 1969 (W. Ester, W. <br>     Hoitmann).<br><b>[39]</b> Petroleum Refiner 36 (1957) 249.<br><hr><br>-SpicyBrown </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr class="text_bg"> <td align="left" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/left_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> <td valign="middle" align="center" colspan="7"> </td> <td align="right" valign="bottom"><img src="../forum/images/right_bottom.gif" border="0" height="12" width="9"></td> </tr> <tr class="page_bg"> <td colspan="9"> </td> </tr> </body> </html>