Dazza (Stranger)
02-11-02 07:11
No 267975
      Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Hey,
would SWIM be able to get ammonium nitrate by reacting ammonium chloride with sodium nitrate?
 
 
 
 
    demorol
(Hive Bee)
02-11-02 14:52
No 268047
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Amonium nitrate is easily available OTC. Just get couple of cold packs. One bag contains water and one contains ammonium nitrate.

Life without chemistry would be a mistake.
 
 
 
 
    PrimoPyro
(Hive Prodigy)
02-11-02 15:14
No 268051
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Not always. Many are urea based, not ammonia based.

The Water Will Be Your Only Mirror
 
 
 
 
    Elementary
(Hive Bee)
02-11-02 20:22
No 268124
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

To answer your question, yes !!!

Solubilities at 0C

Ammonium Nitrate : 118g/100g of water
Sodium Chloride : 35.57g/100g of water


Some people just can't answer a simple question !
 
 
 
 
    Antibody2
(Commodore "Mole Bouncer")
02-12-02 00:43
No 268210
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

NH4NO3 is also available as fertilizer, 25kg for $10.

I don't think there would be any rxn between NaNO3 and NH4Cl. If i wanted to make NH4NO3 though i would use nitric acid (hydroponic shop) and aqueous ammonia (window cleaner). I think even nitric acid and NH4Cl would work, but i am not 100%.
 
 
 
 
    Elementary
(Hive Bee)
02-12-02 00:55
No 268228
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

"I don't think there would be any rxn between NaNO3 and NH4Cl"

Of course it would work it is basic solubility chemistry !

The solubility of sodium nitrate at 0c is 73g/100g of water, and for ammonium chloride it is 28g/100g of water at 0c, so the ammonium nitrate due to greater solubility will hog the water, driving the ion exchange reaction in its direction.

Some people would rather ruin a thread than answer the question !
 
 
 
 
    Antibody2
(Commodore "Mole Bouncer")
02-12-02 04:19
No 268325
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

if you say so
 
 
 
 
    Psi_Locybe
(Newbee)
02-12-02 05:47
No 268376
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Of course it would work it is basic solubility chemistry !

  Thanks - I wasn't previously familiar with enhanced solubility as a lower-energy state.  Makes some degree of sense, though... I'll be sure to toy with it.

  As a counterpoint, however, if I recall correctly, NH3 is a weaker base than, say, NaOH... and also, if I recall correctly, HCL is slightly weaker than, say NO3.  This would imply :

a) Ab2's nitric acid/ammonium chloride would probably work, IMHO... but more to the point of this...

b) If I take your word on increased solubility as a lower-energy (preferred) state (it seems logical, but if I took EVERYTHING that made sense to my wingnut ass as gospel without doing the experiments...), in what way would one counterbalance this against a reaction being otherwise dispreferred?  Where would I know which would take precedence?

  Thanks...

Rev. Psi Locybe, insane alchemist.
 
 
 
 
    Nemo_Tenetur
(Stranger)
02-12-02 12:55
No 268535
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

The commercial available ammonium-nitrate based fertilizer usually contains (at least in most european countries) some cacium carbonate to reduce the explosive properties and to make the handling easier. I recommend extraction with hot water/recristallization before using.
wink
 
 
 
 
    masterofpuppets
(Hive Bee)
02-23-02 06:56
No 272381
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

isn't it the jelly ice packs the ones made with amonium nitrate (I have seen "solid" ones - methinks that may have different compound in it).

I wouldn't do that if I were you.....
 
 
 
 
    mottaman420
(Stranger)
02-24-02 22:55
No 273007
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Be very careful not to blow yourself up. I would make sure u use only previously tested methods gotten from someone who has done it first hand

_.-==''SupaTokaBuDsMoka''==-._
'''''''GonnaGetHighTillIDie'''''''
 
 
 
 
    PrimoPyro
(Hive Prodigy)
02-24-02 23:04
No 273012
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

The chances of spontaneous detonation of ammonium nitrate are incredibly small. It's the most insensitive bitch of an explosive Ive ever had the mnisfortune to "work" with. To bee honest, from a pyro point of view, I hate ammonium nitrate. The power is really good actually, but it is just outright too damn hard to make it detonate without a superior explosive acting as a primer/booster.

It doesn't even want to burn unless you have a flame ON IT, or some oxidizer/violent reaction already occurring, like KClO3/H2SO4 (dont do this at home).

In a nutshell, the only thing NH4NO3 might do when heated when wet is decompose to some lovely nitrous oxide. smile

Whatcha want the ammonium nitrate for? tongue

                                                    PrimoPyro

The Water Will Be Your Only Mirror
 
 
 
 
    SilverSurfer
(Hive Bee)
02-24-02 23:40
No 273020
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Maybe u should soak some NitroG with it and blow it then.
 
 
 
 
    PrimoPyro
(Hive Prodigy)
02-24-02 23:50
No 273021
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Hey, don't get this thread locked. tongue

I was just putting in my two cents that NH4NO3 is not a lab danger.

The Water Will Be Your Only Mirror
 
 
 
 
    masterofpuppets
(Hive Bee)
02-25-02 01:07
No 273055
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

It could bee a lab danger - it is good to bee aware of these things.

I wouldn't do that if I were you.....
 
 
 
 
    Elementary
(Hive Bee)
02-25-02 01:26
No 273066
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

I can't really see any (mind-altering) use for the stuff, there are less expensive other ammonium salts that are easily available, such as ammonium sulphate.

Yes you can make nitrous oxide (laughing gas) with it, but then again you can buy nitrous oxide in little whipped cream canisters, an that will save you having to heat Ammonium Nitrate.

Make Love Not War !!!!!



Umm, how interesting !!
 
 
 
 
    PrimoPyro
(Hive Prodigy)
02-25-02 01:44
No 273082
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

It can be used to oxidize MDP2Pol to MDP2P with cupric acetate and acetic acid.

It can also be used to make methylamine.

The Water Will Be Your Only Mirror
 
 
 
 
    Elementary
(Hive Bee)
02-25-02 02:48
No 273096
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

I have a suspicious mind !!

Thank-you pyro, I feel much safer talking about it now !
crazy

wink

Umm, how interesting !!
 
 
 
 
    MMM
(Stranger)
02-26-02 17:05
No 273804
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

From memory, it wasnt even known to be explosive until a shipload caught fire, even then it didnt blow until half had burnt.

Decomposing it to make nitrous oxide is the only way I am aware of to get it to accidently blow up in a lab tho, when it was used to generate gas, the decomposition was stopped after about two thirds had decomposed. (check the figures and method if anyone wants to try)  For information only.

MMM

When the day is bad,and life's a curse
CHEER UP!!! Tomorrow may be Worse!!
('HAGAR' Comic)
 
 
 
 
    Dr_Sister
(Hive Bee)
02-26-02 19:46
No 273858
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

It can be used to oxidize MDP2Pol to MDP2P with cupric acetate and acetic acid. haven't been many successes reported with this method

7.10.01
 
 
 
 
    PrimoPyro
(Hive Prodigy)
02-26-02 20:49
No 273885
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

It also hasn't been done in a long time.

The Water Will Be Your Only Mirror
 
 
 
 
    Rhodium
(Chief Bee)
02-26-02 21:20
No 273903
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

MMM: http://www.texas-city-tx.org/docs/exp.htm
 
 
 
 
    Osmium
(Stoni's sexual toy)
02-26-02 23:48
No 273976
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Oppau, (Germany), September 21, 1921.
The BASF plant at Oppau was manufacturing Mischsaltz, a 50/50 mixture of ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate. This fertilizer tends to cake like conventional ammonitrates. Standard practice at the plant was to break these heaps into manageable blocks, using explosives. At the time of the catastrophe, this had been done more than 20,000 times. The storage involved that day contained 4,500 tons of fertilizer (it was estimated that only about 450 tons exploded). It is assumed that the last cartridge exploded in a region of the mass where the density was lower than usual (because of recent changes in the production) and where the ammonium nitrate concentration in the Mischsaltz was higher than average. The important influence of these changes on the sensitivity of the product had not been realized. It was shown later that the sensitivity of Mischsaltz to explosion trigger increases rapidly with increasing ammonium nitrate concentration. This fact also explains why only part of the storage exploded. The catastrophe made 500 deaths.

http://www.sfc.fr/Guiochon%20VO/exinvolontaireVO.htm

And to scare you all a little more, AN can even detonate when dissolved in water (a 83% solution in this case):

http://www.uneptie.org/pc/apell/disasters/toulouse/other_accidents.htm
http://www.epa.gov/swercepp/pubs/terrasum.html

And that's the latest known big accident involving AN, on 9-21-2001:
(some people thought it was a terrorist attack)

http://www.uneptie.org/pc/apell/disasters/toulouse/

I'm not fat just horizontally disproportionate.
 
 
 
 
    PrimoPyro
(Hive Prodigy)
02-27-02 03:36
No 274037
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

And what kind of massive shockwave must be passed through the water solution to get that to detonate might I ask?

The Water Will Be Your Only Mirror
 
 
 
 
    pROcon
(Hive Bee)
02-27-02 05:47
No 274083
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

I'm thinking all us naughty bastards have the same background, ill bet you all printed out your copies of the terrorist handbook and cookbook on your noisy ricketty dot matrix back in the day, just in case the floppy disk you hocked it off the kid at school with the net (who told you it was a government secret) distributed it on had a CRC or your HD crashed. Having full intentions of producing the plastic explosives described in your garage "carefully", then only to remember you were too CHICKENsHIT to go to the store and purchase the materials required, nor could your allowance accomodate more than the 250gm pack of twisties you also required.

pROcon smile

don't call me...I wont answer, or call you back.
 
 
 
 
    PrimoPyro
(Hive Prodigy)
02-27-02 11:54
No 274190
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Oh my fucking jesus christ!

I can't believe it. You just literally described me word for fucking word when I was 13. That was my introduction to chemistry. In the back of the te**o*ists handbook, where they have the pyrochemical equations, was the first time I ever saw chemical shorthand. laugh

Oh god, the memories. How the FUCK did you know about that? Who the hell are you? crazy

                                                   PrimoPyro

The Water Will Be Your Only Mirror
 
 
 
 
    Osmium
(Stoni's sexual toy)
02-27-02 12:25
No 274209
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

There was no internet when Os blew up his first trashcan.
But Os literally read every chapter 24 (27?) of nearly ALL Chemical Abstracts editions (from 1920 to about 1990), the ones about propellants, explosives and fire extinguishing compositions. Lots of good shit in there, but it took me almost a year laugh
No terrorist handbook for me, thank you tongue

I'm not fat just horizontally disproportionate.
 
 
 
 
    Elementary
(Hive Bee)
02-27-02 13:10
No 274240
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Poor Little Froggies

Research has shown that Ammonium Nitrate (a fertilizer) can cause agonizing death for frogs. This fertilizer is spread on fields in the spring when frogs are migrating. Frogs suffer a massive toxic attack if they come in contact with it.

UK Availability

Ammonium nitrate can be found on it's own as a fertiliser or sold in chalk coated pellets, the two substances can be seperated by their solubilites. There are strict controls on the sale of Ammonium Nitrate in Northern Ireland (I wonder why !).

Use in mining

(pure AM is white this has additives and is used for mining)


Umm, how interesting !!
 
 
 
 
    Rhodium
(Chief Bee)
02-28-02 01:25
No 274530
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Os: As a small matter of coincidence, I have also browsed the whole printed version of CA in search of explosives (oh, I long SO for the day when every page of CA, Gmelin, Beilstein and all the primary literature is available as PDF (or whatever the preferred format will be at that date) connected to a supercomputer powered search engine...

It would not be too bad to synchronize that database with SynGen, to make it really perfect smile
 
 
 
 
    PrimoPyro
(Hive Prodigy)
02-28-02 04:55
No 274573
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Have you been reading my mail? crazy

The Water Will Be Your Only Mirror
 
 
 
 
    Rhodium
(Chief Bee)
02-28-02 05:52
No 274590
      Re: Making Ammonium Nitrate  Bookmark   

Yes (your mails to me, that is), but I can wait for that killer app/database until it happens by itself, instead of doing the archiving myself.