Bandil (Hive Bee)
05-05-02 22:38
No 305210
      (iso)propyliodide synth  Bookmark   

Swim was looking at the ../rhodium/chemistry /methyliodide.html document and found it interesting!

Can the same proc be used on propanole and isopropanole, or is the some inhibition of the reaction because of the bigger alkyl chain?

if it can be done, what reactiontimes should be used? Swim supposes that the amounts of chemicals should just be scaled up with regards to moleweight?


(Chief Bee)
05-06-02 00:14
No 305237
      I would say that the only thing you need to ...  Bookmark   

I would say that the only thing you need to adjust for is the molar weight of the reactants, and don't forget to look up boiling points op propyl iodide and isopropyl iodide.

Here are two other methods for iodinating alcohols, should work just as well with propanol/IPA.

- - - -

Preparation of Ethyl Iodide

Method 1

A mixture of 500 g (3.94 mol) of iodine, 800 mL of 84% (w/v) ethanol, and 60 g (2.224 mol) of aluminum foil in small pieces is warmed gently. Once started, the reaction increases progressively in vigor, but can be controlled by cooling; it subsides in about 10 min, and is complete in an hour. The product is distilled until deep red fumes appear. A cold mixture of 700 mL of 84% ethanol and 400 mL of 85% sulfuric acid is added to the cooled residue. After 15 min, distillation is begun, and continued until no more oily drops form in the water in the receiver. The yield of crude ethyl iodide is 260 mL (504 g; approx. 80% yield).

Method 2 [7]

1 mole of alcohol and 2 moles of KI (or equimolar amount of NaI) are added to 2.96 moles of 95% phosphoric acid. Reflux the mixture 3-4 hrs. A two-phase mixture will result. Add water and ether to the reaction mixture. Seperate the ether layer, decolorise it with Na-thiosulfate, wash it with saturated NaCl solution and dry it with Na2SO4. Evaporate the ether and distill the remaining alkyl iodide to get ~90% yield.

(Hive Bee)
05-07-02 15:13
No 305760
      That looks like a very nice reaction.  Bookmark   

That looks like a very nice reaction. Do you have a reference on the reaction? Is the Al foil to be used "as is", or should it be amalgated first?


(Chief Bee)
05-07-02 16:20
No 305770
      Al for alkyl iodides  Bookmark   

No amalgam. The references are found towards the end of this document: ../rhodium/chemistry /nitroalkane.html

UTFSE and you will find people trying out the above method in practice.
(Ubiquitous Precursor Medal Winner)
05-08-02 03:09
No 305999
      Stronger Iodine Solution  Bookmark   

The salient point about making isopropyl iodide, is that the farmer's "Stronger Iodine Solution", a standard article of commerce, is not composed of the same ingredients as the familiar 2% drugstore tincture, with its water, ethanol, iodine and sodium iodide.

Instead, the 7% iodine consists of 7% iodine in dry isopropanol. It's a ready-made reagent for this, just add aluminum glitter and heat. (If you do use aluminum flake, bee prepared with a cooling bath to moderate its initial intensity.) I haven't run this yet, but plan to do so with the following end in mind: to react i-propyl iodide with fused sodium acetate to produce the ester i-propyl acetate water free, less drying and purification labor to make use of such ester in anhydrous reactions.

A further incentive, is that I dislike the loss and mess of pulling elemental iodine out of the isopropanol, so I'm looking for a clean way to get a handle on that iodine in a less lossy way, eventually in its salt. I expect there may bee some elimination to propylene, but this shouldn't prove a major factor.

a half a pints a half a pound a half a world a half a round
Sidearm n. Flask neck tube.
(Stoni's sexual toy)
05-08-02 11:01
No 306156
      Isolation of I2 dissolved in an alcohol: Add ...
(Rated as: excellent)

Isolation of I2 dissolved in an alcohol:

Add slight excess of NaOH solution:

I2 + 2 NaOH -----> NaIO + NaI

Evaporate away the alcohol. Add acid to the solid inorganic residue:

NaIO + NaI + 2HCl -----> 2 NaCl + I2 + H2O

Has been posted before by me, but of course nobody cares.

I'm not fat just horizontally disproportionate.
05-08-02 19:29
No 306312
      Actually I do  Bookmark   

Osmium. Haven't before, but that's cuz I hadn't seen this specific thread topic before. Thanks.
Concise, information laden thread. Thanks everyone, This one goes in my hive thread bookmarks.