GOD (Hive Bee)
05-31-02 02:06
No 316116
      bucket reductive animation  Bookmark   

regarding the bucket animation on Rhodiums site:

A 'dropping funnel' will suffice in place of an addition funnel for this set-up correct? after all, there is an opening from the other unconnected end of the cleisen adapter to regulate pressure- or is there something swim is missing here?
also, does a vigreux column nessisarily have to bee used? what about using a different column, just so long as they add up to 400" ? 

My mom tells me Im good lookin'!!!
 
 
 
 
    PolytheneSam
(Master Searcher)
05-31-02 12:28
No 316253
      Suspended a n i m ation or ketone a m i n ation?  Bookmark   

Suspended animation or ketone amination?
http://www.angelfire.com/fl/twilightzonelist

http://www.geocities.com/dritte123/PSPF.html
The hardest thing to explain is the obvious
 
 
 
 
    GOD
(Hive Bee)
05-31-02 17:36
No 316313
      oops on the spelling. thanks hooked.  Bookmark   

oops on the spelling.

thanks hooked.


when someone asks what the sound of one hand clapping sounds like, you should smack them in the ear.
 
 
 
 
    Vibrating_Lights
(Hive Addict)
06-01-02 06:57
No 316564
      Buckets  Bookmark   

Sswim does his additions with a pyrex measuring cup. It really doesn't matter. If it gets too hot then put some ice on the lid then you got oa whole shitload of cooling surface.
Vl_
 
 
 
 
    greeter
(Hive Bee)
06-01-02 11:30
No 316608
      Some more questions...  Bookmark   

1)  I don't see this in the photos but presumably you set the bucket on your magnetic stirrer, right?
2)  What size stir bar works best in the bucket?
3)  The 'shank washer' fits 24/40 glassware or something else?
4)  Any reason why you shouldn't put the addition funnel into another hole in the bucket lid (as opposed to the top of the column)?

thx :)

Oh yeah, and:

What do you do with all the sludge when the reaction is done?  (seriously)


A watched pot will indeed boil.
 
 
 
 
    cheeseboy
(I'm not Cheesie)
06-01-02 11:40
No 316613
      oxone?  Bookmark   

Bucket=Oxone run??? Just wonfdering wtf this is all about.Peeeeece

Bubba Fatt - LA's Biggest Bounty Hunter. His subjects are at large and so is HE!

edit, oh aminate.sorry, cyabo?
 
 
 
 
    lugh
(Moderator)
06-01-02 11:45
No 316616
      UTFSE!!!  Bookmark   


What do you do with all the sludge when the reaction is done?




Post 228769 (lugh: "Re: proper waste disposal", Chemistry Discourse) Post 228816 (foxy2: "Re: propper waste disposal", Chemistry Discourse) & Post 229212 (foxy2: "Re: propper waste disposal", Chemistry Discourse) smile

 

 
 
 
 
    PrimoPyro
(Hive Prodigy)
06-01-02 14:31
No 316644
      Cheese:  Bookmark   


Bucket=Oxone run??? Just wonfdering wtf this is all about.Peeeeece




It's the Methyl Man Aluminum Amalgam Reductive Amination with Nitromethane, done in a bucket instead of traditional glassware. The reaction is often cited as the MM Al/Hg w/MeNO2 for shorthand.

                                                   PrimoPyro

 
 
 
 
    Vibrating_Lights
(Hive Addict)
06-02-02 03:31
No 316792
      SLudge  Bookmark   

Dump the sludge in your local pertroleum recycling bin.
3" stirr bar is great 2.5 will suffice.
 
 
 
 
    greeter
(Hive Bee)
06-02-02 05:56
No 316799
      more...  Bookmark   

done in a bucket instead of traditional glassware

Cheese, you've probably read (done ;-) the MM amination.  The recipe calls for a 2L flask.  The bucket is a 7.5L vessel and it's very cheap to build, so you can scale the reaction up easily.  The pics of it are in the Chemistry section of Rhodium's site, look in the Multimedia area.

Now one more question for those of those who have run this...

The 'recent' commentary regarding the MM Al/Hg (esp. baalchemist's process) suggest continuing the reaction with external heat for 3.5 hours post addition.  I take it none of you are doing this step?  Is it even necessary?  What kind of yields are you getting?

-g

A watched pot will indeed boil.
 
 
 
 
    noj
(Hive Addict)
06-02-02 06:18
No 316803
      sludge  Bookmark   

If you allow the sludge to sit, until the solution turns clear yellow, you will see a bead of mercury at the bottom. RECOVER!

Mastery is based on the understanding and practice of technique.
 
 
 
 
    cheeseboy
(I'm not Cheesie)
06-02-02 20:22
No 316848
      greeter  Bookmark   

greeter..
never tried a methyl man amination, never even seen nitro. Cheese has only ever reduced store bought ketone a few times to MDMA/MDA via methylamine/cyano- ammonium acetate/cyano. Oxone ketone has been made yet amination failed. Back to the 'ol drawing board if i can ever get it together and get more safrole. Going to ditch the Oxone method and go Formic.Sounds better, more tried and true. Plus yields will be better i hear. Cheers.smile

Bubba Fatt - LA's Biggest Bounty Hunter. His subjects are at large and so is HE!
 
 
 
 
    Vibrating_Lights
(Hive Addict)
06-02-02 21:18
No 316864
      Bucket  Bookmark   

There is no need for additional heating.  Buckets are the shit and come in all sizes up to xxxliters.  glass will shatter, plastic will not.  A coldfinger can be built into the top of the bucket to improve cooling.ohhh A better work up than M/M is osiums workup of the Al/Hg in adding just enough NaOH to free the MeAm.  Basify till the MeAm starts bubbling then stir for 2 hrs.  when stirring stops all the Al sludge will fall to the bottom quickly. Pour off the liquid and extract sludge with Alcohol a few times.then add enough water to make the liquid white and extract with NP.
VL_
 
 
 
 
    dr_ruthenium
(Hive Bee)
06-02-02 21:30
No 316871
      VL: Are you referring to Os's Al/Hg on Rh's page?  Bookmark   

VL: Are you referring to Os's Al/Hg on Rh's page?  You say add enough NaOH to free MeNH3.  Do you mean from MeNH3-HCl?  'Cause that's not work up.  Maybe you could referrence Os's post for that w/u.  I know that MM's w/u needs an A/B, but other than that I thought it was good.

TRISMUS!!!
 
 
 
 
    greeter
(Hive Bee)
06-03-02 00:28
No 316922
      sorry, more more more ;)  Bookmark   

If you allow the sludge to sit, until the solution turns clear yellow, you will see a bead of mercury at the bottom. RECOVER!

Have you tried adding aluminum strips to the sludge and allowing them to sit for 8 hours or so?  The posts that lugh reference above indicate that all the Hg will ultimately amalgamate back to elemental Hg in the presense of aluminum strips.  Now maybe the amount of aluminum used in the reaction is enough to convert ALL the HgCl2, I don't know.  Anyway, it might help to recover more mercury (disclaimer: this is blatant speculation on my part).

Ok, second question...

The bucket amination calls for 800mg HgCl2.  I realize that everything from the MM synth was scaled 2x, but is it really necessary to scale the HgCl2?  It seems from what I've read that you'd do just as well to leave it at 400mg.


A watched pot will indeed boil.
 
 
 
 
    PrimoPyro
(Hive Prodigy)
06-03-02 00:42
No 316927
      Observations  Bookmark   

1.The Hg cation is much higher in mass than that of Al.

2.There are 2 Cl anions per Hg cation, but 3 Cl anions per Al cation.

3.There are several grams of Al in the system, yet under 1 gram HgCl2

Based on my observations here, I personally believe that the there would be more than enough Al present to completely reduce all 800mg HgCl2 to elemental Hg metal.

                                                   PrimoPyro
 
 
 
 
    dr_ruthenium
(Hive Bee)
06-03-02 01:19
No 316939
      It doesn't matter if the 2x MM is carried out in ...  Bookmark   

It doesn't matter if the 2x MM is carried out in a bucket or 6 liter flask, you don't need to double the Hg.  In fact, try using 250mg instead of 400mg.  Then you'll need to add less Al strips!

TRISMUS!!!
 
 
 
 
    Vibrating_Lights
(Hive Addict)
06-03-02 03:54
No 316999
      No no no  Bookmark   

Think outside the damn box
 In Mm write up there is alot of NaOh added.  this leaves yo u with a sloution that is prone to emulsions com time for the extraction.  If a smaller ammount of NaOh is used then the al will crash out in a pristine manner which apoun filtration will leave you with a clear solution that will seperate quickly.  filtration is very fast or just pour off the liquid and extract the sludge with more alcohol. If one was to pay attention during basification then they would notice that once a certin point is reached the MeAm starts to bubble out vigerously.  Stop here to filter the al.
VL_ 
 
 
 
 
    greeter
(Hive Bee)
06-06-02 01:04
No 317989
      running the bucket at 4x MM scale  Bookmark   

Swim is thinking of running the Al/Hg in a 5gal bucket (~19L) at 4X the MM scale (i.e. 100g ketone).  He would like to know if a 3" stirbar with mag stirring is sufficient or if overhead stirring will be required.  Has anyone tried this?

PS:  Swim is using a 400mm west condenser sitting on top of two vigreux columns totalling 600mm with an industrial strength fan blowing across the columns.  This was massive overkill on the MM at normal scale in a 2L flask, he presumes it will be sufficient to contain the rxn at 4X, especially considering that the 5gal bucket has a lot of room.  Anyone care to comment?

-g 

A watched pot will indeed boil.
 
 
 
 
    Vibrating_Lights
(Hive Addict)
06-06-02 19:05
No 318279
      uea  Bookmark   

A three inch bar will be more than suficent.  You are good to go.
\VL_
 
 
 
 
    greeter
(Hive Bee)
06-11-02 02:54
No 319600
      hmmm  Bookmark   

Swim ran a 4x MM in a 6 gal bucket with a 3" stirbar (3" round x 1/2" thick).  Swim has a decent hotplate/stirrer.  110g foil were added to 2.5L methanol and stirring started.  The stir bar did an ok job but was not able to move the foil at the very edges of the bucket.  .5L methanol w/ 1g HgCl2 was added, stirring was fine until the reaction got going and about 30g of ketone added then swim could not see any indication that the stir bar was still turning (no vortex, and for that matter, no movement).  The bucket was swirled gently by hand, but swim could still see no activity from the stir bar.

Now the reaction mix was pretty hot, and it was clear that that Al was amalgamating, so swim said WTF and kept going, basically adding ketone to a mix that wasn't visibly stirring.  Total addition of 100g ketone took about 22 minutes (it appeared to drip on TOP of the sludge, run across it and get really hot and turn white).  Methanol bubbled out of the condenser from time to time when it got really hot and more was added down the condenser.  Once all the ketone was in swim added another 500mL of methanol to the mix.  This helped quite a bit with regards to stirring.  Once the foil had broken down substantially then the stirbar was able to get going and the vortex was back.  Swim doesn't know if the bar spun the entire time or if it got stuck in the mud halfway through.

Swim also doesn't yet know what the yield is on this batch, since the product is sitting in DCM waiting to be distilled, but it seems like it was ok.  He will likely recover the DCM, boil off any water and the weigh the crude oil he has just to check.  Swim would like to know if he should expect a significant loss in yield from the mix not being stirred efficiently the entire time?

Swim may try another batch with an extra liter of MeOH in from the start, or just build an overhead stirrer.  Nevertheless, this is really pushing it with a 3" stirbar.

A watched pot will indeed boil.
 
 
 
 
    greeter
(Hive Bee)
06-11-02 04:42
No 319643
      ...  Bookmark   

According to the MM writeup you should of used 1.6g HgCl2

It has been mentioned in this thread and others not to use so much HgCl2.  1g was perfect.  Any more would have torn the aluminum up too fast.  As it was *all* of the aluminum was consumed after about 1hr 45min, no little flecks or anything.  Swim waited 20 minutes before starting to drop ketone.  The timing was good.

Total addition of 100g ketone took about 22 minutes

    A bit of a hurry you were in?? Swim would of stretched that out a lot more. at least 45min.


Again, other threads have mentioned that the faster you add it, the better your yields.  A 6gal bucket has so much overhead that it probably could have been dumped in wholesale, 22 min was no problem in a container this large.

Swim thinks the only potential problem was the lack of adequate stirring.


A watched pot will indeed boil.
 
 
 
 
    Chromic
(Hive Addict)
06-11-02 06:30
No 319686
      make methylamine. do an os al/hg!  Bookmark   

<cough> <cough>
 
 
 
 
    RoundBottom
(Hive Addict)
06-11-02 07:31
No 319708
      Hg  Bookmark   

maybe i missed something, but isn't the HgCl2 only responsible for preparing the Al foil for reduction by stripping the aluminum oxide off the surface?

i learned a thing or two from charlie dontcha know.
 
 
 
 
    RoundBottom
(Hive Addict)
06-11-02 09:56
No 319743
      what reduces the Al  Bookmark   

ok, here's the next logical question then.  what reaction/mechanism reduces the Al foil?  SWIM just did a 2x MM AlHg Nitro, and got most of the Al foil left in the flask after the usual amount of time.  this has been a reoccuring theme lately, and is causing a bit of consternation.

the reagents have all been used before.  the reaction was nowhere near as active as usual.  the temp did make it to 64C as per usual. 

let's say someone ran a MM AlHg Nitro without ketone, but used everything else.  would the Al foil still get reduced?  thx.

i learned a thing or two from charlie dontcha know.
 
 
 
 
    goiterjoe
(Title on BackOrder)
06-11-02 23:32
No 319919
      aluminum is never reduced in the reaction...  Bookmark   

but it is hydrolyzed by the water.  If you add nitro to an Al/Hg mixture, it will reduce the nitromethane to methylamine, and therefore eat up some of the aluminum.  Without adding the ketone, not as much aluminum will be used up because there is no imine to be reduced.
 
 
 
 
    RoundBottom
(Hive Addict)
06-12-02 04:00
No 320009
      nitro good  Bookmark   

> B. Your nitro isn't as pure as you thought. Did you distill fuel to get your nitro?

as i stated, nothing is different about the reagents.  the nitro is the same ACS grade that has been in use for a year already.  never had a problem with it.  ketone, MeOH, and HgCl2 are all literally the same bottles/batches.

correction, the Al foil is different in this single reaction, but it is a brand that has been suggested by canadian bees as wholey acceptable (alcan heavy duty).  it is thinner than american reynolds heavy duty, which theoretically means FASTER reduction.  though this doesn't explain the previous 2 "failures" (greatly reduced yields) which used the same imported american foil as all previous succeses.

> A. You didn't let the AL amalgamate long enough, and the nitro fell on Al203 and didn't reduce

this intrigues me somewhat, as it did appear to amalgamate slightly slower than normal.  previously have started addition at between T+10 and T+15 minutes.  this time addition was started at T+15.

the foil nuggets were indeed shiny when the liquid was decanted off at T+290m.  when a small amount of 25% NaOH was poured on the nuggets, they started fizzing, and kept on fizzing for hours.

gassing will be done tonight.  update on yield, if any, will be posted.

i learned a thing or two from charlie dontcha know.
 
 
 
 
    SuperStar
(Hive Bee)
06-14-02 02:28
No 320943
      Work up  Bookmark   

When you guys are done with these scaled up AL/Nitro how much Toulene are you using? Are you scaling this up equal as well. Seems like large sep funnel will become a problem?

Pardon my friend officer, He's a little slow.
 
 
 
 
    greeter
(Hive Bee)
06-14-02 05:42
No 321033
      scaling solvent  Bookmark   

Swim scaled the solvent up 4x as well.  He thinks this was overkill (see swim's post in the Newbee Forum asking for some help on this very thing, maybe someone can...).  Swim did the mixing with a stirbar in the bucket and separated with multiple pours into a 2L sep funnel.  It was a pain in the ass but even at 4x, the workup didn't take more than a day.
 

A watched pot will indeed boil.
 
 
 
 
    SuperStar
(Hive Bee)
06-17-02 19:56
No 322469
      Thanks, These guys have made some of this shit so ...  Bookmark   

Thanks,

These guys have made some of this shit so easy it seem ridiculous to complain about anything, but hey constant improvement is what we are about.

Pardon my friend officer, He's a little slow.
 
 
 
 
    El_Zorro
(Hive Bee)
06-17-02 23:25
No 322519
      what?  Bookmark   

I'm confused now.  I didn't think that the HgCl2 was to strip the Al2O3 off the surface, I thought it was there to dissolve with the Aluminum metal, which would release three electrons, which allows the MeNO2 and imine to steal some hyrogen from water.  Can some of you chem experts help me out?

Do not go gentle into that good night.  Rage, Rage, against the dying of the light.  --Dylan Thomas
 
 
 
 
    SuperStar
(Hive Bee)
06-18-02 06:00
No 322627
      HgCl2  Bookmark   

NOTE: SuperStar is not a chem expert.  Just relaying what SWIM read.

SWIM's understanding is that the HgCl2 or HgI2 makes the AL surface ready to donate those electrons.  Something about AL in air/oxygen forms a thin surface film that blocks access to the real AL underneath.  The Hg salts are sort of like transporters of the electrons.



Pardon my friend officer, He's a little slow.
 
 
 
 
    El_Zorro
(Hive Bee)
06-18-02 20:58
No 322767
      well, yeah  Bookmark   

Al does form an Al2O3 film in contact with oxygen, but I thought the definition of an amalgum was two metals dissolving in each other.  Kind of like an alloy, right?  Where's Rhodium at?wink

Do not go gentle into that good night.  Rage, Rage, against the dying of the light.  --Dylan Thomas
 
 
 
 
    Rhodium
(Chief Bee)
06-18-02 21:24
No 322775
      Al/Hg  Bookmark   

The Al reduces the Hg2+ to elemental Hg, which deposits on the surface of the Al (forming an Al/Hg amalgam), preventing it from forming the protective oxide coating.

Then there is an electrochemical effect due to the electrical overvoltage of Hg which makes the amalgam more prone to reduce the organic substrates than creating hydrogen gas which would just bubble away (like when you throw aluminum into aqueous acid). UTFSE for "overvoltage" and you'll probably find a more precise explanation.
 
 
 
 
    El_Zorro
(Hive Bee)
06-19-02 00:16
No 322827
      then why..  Bookmark   

then why does the Al completely dissolve before the organic substrates are added?

Do not go gentle into that good night.  Rage, Rage, against the dying of the light.  --Dylan Thomas
 
 
 
 
    Rhodium
(Chief Bee)
06-19-02 01:32
No 322852
      I said that the Al becomes "less prone" to give ...  Bookmark   

I said that the Al becomes "less prone" to give off hydrogen gas, not that it is eliminated.

If your Al dissolved before you have had any time to add your reactants, then your Al is too thin (too large surface area), you have amalgamated the Al for too long, or you are simply too slow.

Cooling the solution also slows the reaction.
 
 
 
 
    El_Zorro
(Hive Bee)
06-19-02 04:54
No 322910
      yeah, I got what you said, I'm just confused.  Bookmark   

yeah, I got what you said, I'm just confused.  I thought I knew the way the amalgamation worked, but I guess I don't.frown

Do not go gentle into that good night.  Rage, Rage, against the dying of the light.  --Dylan Thomas
 
 
 
 
    goiterjoe
(Title on BackOrder)
06-19-02 06:23
No 322940
      something is hidden in the search engine  Bookmark   

I remember a thread about this being done a long time ago, although I don't remember who said what or even how to begin searching for it.  You will probably end up with 1000 hits of static if you search for nitro, Al/Hg, and methylamine.  I'm not sure how one could go about extracting this mess but I imagine it would go something like this. 

After the reaction has cooled back down, you would add sufficient hydrochloric acid to make the mix slightly acidic, filter the mix through filter paper to remove any excess aluminum, and then evaporate off the water.  You could probably then set up an apparatus for distilling methylamine gas and reclaiming it in water or methanol.  You would take the dried up mass from the evaporation and put it in the distilling flask, and then slowly titrate in concentrated NaOH to release the methylamine gas.  The MeAM gas would be dispersed into a tall beaker of cold water, where it could be reclaimed or possibly used as is.

I'm not recommending anyone try this;  if anyone sees any problems with it, please shoot it down.
 
 
 
 
    El_Zorro
(Hive Bee)
06-19-02 06:34
No 322944
      I don't get this: Re: aluminum is never reduced ...  Bookmark   

I don't get this:

Re:
aluminum is never reduced in the reaction but it is hydrolyzed by the water.  If you add nitro to an Al/Hg mixture, it will reduce the nitromethane to methylamine, and therefore eat up some of the aluminum.

I don't think hydrolized would be the correct term, would it?  Somebody help me out.

Do not go gentle into that good night.  Rage, Rage, against the dying of the light.  --Dylan Thomas

Edit: I really don't think the Al is hydrolized by the water now, I think it's oxidized to Al2O3, right?  So I guess the Hg doesn't have to dissolve with the Al, it just prepares the Al by cleaning the surface, and when the ketone/nitro is dipped in, the reaction proceeds as follows, right?

1)2Al+3H2O-->Al2O3+6H+6e-
2)MeNO2+6H+6e--->MeNH2+H
2O
3)ketone+MeNH2-->imine+H2O
4)imine+H+e--->amine

Is this correct?  Is it balanced?
 
 
 
 
    lugh
(Moderator)
06-19-02 12:37
No 323026
      Hidden ???  Bookmark   

Post 106388 (scwam: "Re: Aluminum Sludge", Chemistry Discourse) & Post 271975 (Osmium: "Re: Factors of Al sludge consistancy", Chemistry Discourse) might bee helpful laugh