ashanti pepper oil: myristicin, sarisan
(Rated as: excellent)
J Agric Food Chem, 1988 36(5): 880-882
"Essential oil constituents of Ashanti pepper
(Piper guineense) fruits (berries)"
Olusegun Ekundayo, Into Laakso, Rita Marie Adegbola,
Babajide Oguntimein, Abayomi Sofowora, Raimo Hiltunen
The composition of the volatile oil from the fruits (berries) of
Ashanti pepper (Piper guineense) was investigated in detail by
means of gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass
spectrometry techniques. The phenylpropanoid-rich essential oil
was comprised of myristicin, sarisan, safrole, and elemicin as
the dominant components. Fifty-one mono- and sesquiterpenoids
constituted a minor proportion of the oil. Considering the plants
dietary and medicinal use in West Africa and given the relatively
high concentration of benzodioxole derivatives, the potential
toxicity of the volatile oil is briefly evaluated.
Ripe fruits (berries, 200 g) of P. guineense were collected from
mature plants growing in Wanikin village, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Taxonomic authentication of the plant was conducted by A.
Adesakin, Department of Pharmacognosy, Obafemi Awolowo Uni-
versity, Ife. Fresh fruits were homogenized with a small amount
of water, and the slurry was steam-distilled in an all-glass
apparatus designed to the specifications of British Pharmacopoeia
(1980) for 4 h. The light yellow volatile oil possessing a
characteristic spicy aroma was recovered in 0.35% (w/w) yield.
Table I. Composition of the Volatile Oil of Ashanti Pepper
Maybe that could be a new addition to my garden!
You've posted several interesting refs in the short time you've been here; good job! Peace!
Love my country, fear my government.
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The leaf essential oil of P. Guineese also contains dillapiole in substantial ammounts (380,000 - 880,500 ppm) and minor amounts of myristicin and elemicin.
Phytochemistry, 49, 2019, 1998