|Identification of an unknown organic compound||Bookmark|
OK, this isnt really anything to do with mind altering substance chemistry, but is more of a query.
I have been given a chemical which is either an
Many people have suggested infra red, but unfortunatly we do not have the facilities in our school, i just need some ideas for basic chemical tests.
I would be most thankful if you help,
|Well, if you do a bisulfite test on it, you can ...||Bookmark|
Well, if you do a bisulfite test on it, you can either rule out the aldehyde and ketone options, or narrow it down to them.
Who is that masked man?
|And after that you can separate the rest by ...||Bookmark|
And after that you can separate the rest by dissolving the compound in DCM, and perform a base extraction. NaHCO3(aq) extracts carboxylic acids from an organic phase, but not phenols. NaOH(aq) extracts the phenol after any acid is removed. If nothing is found in those extracts, then you either have an alcohol or an ester.
I've had this very same question before at my school. Rhodium suggests the right path. The approach used went like so:
organic_solvent += unknown;
if (extract(aqueous_NaHCO3)) then printf("it's the carboxylic acid");
else if (extract(aqueous_NaOH)) then printf("it's the phenol");
else printf("it's the aldehyde/ketone");
|come on man.. do your own homework..||Bookmark|
it's for your own good
Never underestimate the power of retrosynthesis.