Aurelius
(Hive Addict)
02-24-04 01:51
No 398337
      Compilation of Acid Reagents
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Compilation of Acid Reagents

General Chemistry on Acid-Base theory

Post 204510 (Rhodium: "Hofmann Acidity Scale (Funny)", General Discourse)
Post 445267 (Aurelius: "Conjugate Acid-Bases and Their Relative Strengths", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445288 (Aurelius: "Acid-Base Concepts", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445301 (Aurelius: "More acid-base concept chemistry", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445317 (Aurelius: "Relative Strengths of Acids and Bases", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445416 (Aurelius: "Acid-Base Charts", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445436 (Aurelius: "Amphiprotism", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445485 (Aurelius: "The Leveling Effect", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445654 (Aurelius: "Neutralization Reactions", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445659 (Aurelius: "Preparing Weak Acids from Salts and Strong Acids", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445667 (Aurelius: "Hydrolysis Reactions", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445692 (Aurelius: "Hydrolysis of Salts, Indicators and Buffers", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445735 (Aurelius: "Structure and Its Effect Upon Acidity and Basicity", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445752 (Aurelius: "Electronegativity, Acidity, Basicity and Trends", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445868 (Aurelius: "The Hydrogen Halide Problem", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445880 (Aurelius: "Acidity, Basicity and Ion Size", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 445933 (Aurelius: "Lewis Concept of Acidity and Basicity", Chemistry Discourse)

Physical data for all acids listed below can be found here.
Post 445906 (Aurelius: "Acid Reagents Physical Properties", Chemistry Discourse)

Pka's of acids in water
http://www.stanford.edu/~travisw/pkas.pdf

Common Buffer Systems

http://ptcl.chem.ox.ac.uk/MSDS/buffers.html

General Methods for the synthesis of carboxylic acids:
Post 446181 (ChemisTris: "Mathews’ rxn(MW): carboxylic acids from nitriles", Chemistry Discourse)

HCl acid

Post 76013 (PolytheneSam: "Re: bromosafrole", Novel Discourse)
../rhodium/chemistry /hclgas.argox.html
../rhodium/chemistry /hcl-gas.html

HI acid

Post 288929 (Rhodium: "Hydriodic Acid From Pinene and Iodine", Stimulants)
Post 271993 (Argox: "Hydriodic Acid--Step by Step Write-Up", Stimulants)
see also:  ../rhodium/chemistry /hydriodic.argox.html
Post 318864 (3base: "aq.HBr/HI from KBr/KI & tartaric acid", Novel Discourse)
Post 216544 (Stonium: "Re: Shelf life of Hydroidic Acid ?", Newbee Forum)
Post 381437 (Rhodium: "Electrolytic HI", Chemistry Discourse)
../rhodium/chemistry /hydriodic.html
Post 398185 (Aurelius: "HI acid via tetralin/decalin", Methods Discourse)
Post 398187 (Aurelius: "HI acid via ascorbic acid and iodine", Methods Discourse)
Post 398198 (Aurelius: "Preparation of Pure Anhydrous HI in GAA", Methods Discourse)

HBr acid

Post 318864 (3base: "aq.HBr/HI from KBr/KI & tartaric acid", Novel Discourse)
Post 76013 (PolytheneSam: "Re: bromosafrole", Novel Discourse)
Post 381399 (PolytheneSam: "Electrolytic HBr", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 191676 (abc123: "HBr gas?", Chemistry Discourse)

HF acid

HNO3

Post 76013 (PolytheneSam: "Re: bromosafrole", Novel Discourse)
Post 398201 (Aurelius: "100% Nitric Acid", Methods Discourse)
Post 398202 (Aurelius: "Preparation of Nitric Acid", Methods Discourse)
Post 398207 (Aurelius: "Preparation of Anhydrous Nitric acid in DCM", Methods Discourse)

H2S acid

Post 328633 (lugh: "H2S", General Discourse)

HCN

Acetic Acid

Acetic Anhydride

Post 506730 (psyloxy: "SiCl4 / Ph(COCl)x way to acid chlorides + anhyd.", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 462958 (Rhodium: "Na-Acetate + Na-Pyrosulfate -> Acetic Anhydride", Novel Discourse)
Post 247630 (terbium: "Re: Acetic Anhydride", Chemicals & Equipment)
Post 216197 (Antoncho: "A completely OTC ;) acetic anhydride synthesis", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 391980 (BillyBoy: "From Ketene", Novel Discourse)
Post 391938 (Mountain_Girl: "AA from Acetaldehyde", Novel Discourse)
Post 274280 (foxy2: "Re: first encouraging ketenelamp experiment", Methods Discourse)
Post 98307 (Stik E. Fingers: "Acetic anhydride from acetic acid and a salt", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 162355 (drone 342: "Acetic Anhydride---again", Chemicals & Equipment)
http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/prep.asp?prep=cv1p0330
../rhodium/chemistry /anhydrides.html
Post 171900 (Cheapskate: "Acetic Anhydride---again", Chemicals & Equipment)
Post 470665 (psyloxy: "acetic / propionic anhydride from NaO(Me)Ac + TsCl", Chemistry Discourse)


Acetyl Chloride

Post 506730 (psyloxy: "SiCl4 / Ph(COCl)x way to acid chlorides + anhyd.", Chemistry Discourse)
../rhodium/chemistry /anhydrides.html

Carbonic Acid

ChloroAcetic Acid

../rhodium/chemistry /chloroacetic.html

Chlorosulfonic Acid
Post 311279 (foxy2: "chlorosulfonic acid", Chemistry Discourse)

Acetone Dicarboxylic Acid

http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/orgsyn/prepcontent.asp?print=1&showprint=1&prep=cv1p0010

Anthranilic acid

Post 413466 (pHarmacist: "Two Methods for the Preparation of Phthalimide", Novel Discourse)
Post 108807 (dormouse: "Anthranilic acid from phthalimide using OTC sodiumhypochlorite solution  -Methaco(s)m", Novel Discourse)
Post 108859 (dormouse: "Anthranlic acid a la Cheapskate  -Cheapskate", Novel Discourse)

Cinnamic Acid

Post 501647 (Rhodium: "Cinnamic Acids from Malonic acid/Benzaldehyde", Novel Discourse)
../rhodium/chemistry /cinnamic.txt

Citric acid

../rhodium/chemistry /citricacid.txt

MeO substituted Acids

3,4-Dimethoxyphenylpyruvic Acid
Post 413165 (Rhodium: "Old MDPEA synthesis", Methods Discourse) 
3,4-Dimethoxyphenylacetic Acid
Post 413165 (Rhodium: "Old MDPEA synthesis", Methods Discourse) 
3,4-Methylenedioxycinnamic Acid
Post 413165 (Rhodium: "Old MDPEA synthesis", Methods Discourse)

Diphenylacetic acid

../rhodium/pdf /substituted.diphenylacetic.pdf
Post 398785 (Aurelius: "Preparation of Diphenylacetic acid", General Discourse)

Formic acid

Post 449230 (abolt: "Formic acid S.G.", Chemicals & Equipment)
Post 216070 (foxy2: "Make Formic Acid and Hydroxylamine in one step!!", Chemistry Discourse)
../rhodium/chemistry /formic.acid.html
Post 468940 (ning: "Oxalic and formic acid  from sawdust", Novel Discourse)

Hydrogen Carbonate Salts(acidic) HCO3-

Hypophosphorus acid (H2PO2)

Post 246126 (lugh: "Hypophosphoric Acid Synthesis", Chemicals & Equipment)

Lysergic Acids and Related Acids

Post 403852 (pHarmacist: "Synthesis of Lysergic Acid Derivatives", Tryptamine Chemistry)

Mandelic acid

Post 479855 (dioulasso: "Substituted Mandelic acids", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 504013 (starlight: "some interesting mandelic acid patents", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 248176 (timsong: "Mandelic Acid Synth", Stimulants)
../rhodium/chemistry /mandelic.html
Post 400338 (Rhodium: "Resolution of dl-Ephedrine", Stimulants)

Nitrous Acid

Oxalic Acid

../rhodium/chemistry /formic.acid.html
http://www.geocities.com/Baja/Canyon/2609/cleaners.html
Post 468940 (ning: "Oxalic and formic acid  from sawdust", Novel Discourse)
Post 473728 (ning: "Improved Oxalic Acid Extraction", Chemicals & Equipment)

Oxalyl chloride (oxalic chloride)

../rhodium/chemistry /oxalylchloride.html

Para-Toluene Sulfonic Acid (p-Tosic acid)
 
Post 505622 (psyloxy: "H2SO4 + toluene --> p-tosic acid", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 288713 (Chromic: "Getting higher yields with p-tosic acid", Methods Discourse)
Post 389646 (Antoncho: "Toluenesulfonic acid - tips and tricks.", Methods Discourse)
Post 261000 (Chromic: "p-toluenesulfonic acid", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 261199 (terbium: "Re: p-toluenesulfonic acid", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 273447 (Rhodium: "Re: p-toluenesulfonic acid", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 389646 (Antoncho: "Toluenesulfonic acid - tips and tricks.", Methods Discourse)

Perchloric Acid

Phenyl Acetic Acid

From Cinnamic Acid:
Post 509760 (Rhodium: "Cinnamaldehyde -Oxone-> Phenylacetic Acid", Chemistry Discourse) (40% yields w/oxone in aq. acetone!)

Post 413520 (Aurelius: "phenylacetic acid", Novel Discourse)
phenyl acetic acid patents
Post 370541 (Lilienthal: "We have a patent markup...", Novel Discourse)
phenylacetic acid from ethylbenzene
Post 219903 (Bwiti: "Phenylacetic Acid from Ethylbenzene", Methods Discourse)
Post 219657 (obituary: "Re: ethylbenzene", General Discourse)
?
Post 203572 (obituary: "phenylacetic acid", Novel Discourse)
Post 413520 (Aurelius: "phenylacetic acid", Novel Discourse)
Post 108296 (dormouse: "phenylacetic acid  -Scooby Doo", Novel Discourse)
Post 412602 (Aurelius: "PhenylAcetic Acid", Stimulants)

Phenylglyoxylic Acid

Post 500342 (Rhodium: "Phenylglyoxylic Acid from Styrene", Chemistry Discourse)

PolyPhosphoric Acid

Post 398338 (Aurelius: "repost", Methods Discourse)

Propionic Acid

Post 449395 (Aurelius: "Propionic acid", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 463633 (psyloxy: "propionic acid from n-propanol / HNO3 - 84% yield", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 461624 (Antoncho: "Propionic acid from MEK - let's find it out!", Novel Discourse)
Post 461856 (roger2003: "Old Ways - Mabe, they are helpful", Novel Discourse)
Post 463793 (Rhodium: "Propionic Acid from Methyl Ethyl Ketone/Ca(OCl)2", Novel Discourse)
Post 463795 (roger2003: "Propionic Acid from Propanol", Novel Discourse)
Post 463783 (roger2003: "Propionic acid from MEK", Novel Discourse)

Propionic Anhydride

Post 506730 (psyloxy: "SiCl4 / Ph(COCl)x way to acid chlorides + anhyd.", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 470665 (psyloxy: "acetic / propionic anhydride from NaO(Me)Ac + TsCl", Chemistry Discourse)
../rhodium/chemistry /anhydrides.html

Propionyl Chloride

Post 506730 (psyloxy: "SiCl4 / Ph(COCl)x way to acid chlorides + anhyd.", Chemistry Discourse)

Pyruvic Acid

Post 463560 (roger2003: "Pyruvic Acid", Serious Chemistry)
Post 384565 (cthulhujr: "Pyruvic Acid Synthesis and 24%", Stimulants)

Sulfuric Acid

Sulfurous Acid

Per- Acids

In General:

Post 415088 (GC_MS: "The synthesis of peracids", Chemistry Discourse)

m-Chloroperbenzoic acid

../rhodium/pdf /mcpba.pdf
../rhodium/pdf /m-cpba.pdf


acetic
Post 413717 (GC_MS: "Determination of peracid content", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 490576 (methyl_ethyl: "Peracetic Acid Titrative Assay", Newbee Forum)

MonoPerSuccinic Acid (PSA)
../rhodium/pdf /baeyer-villiger.anisaldehyde.pdf

oxalic
Post 409755 (Ziqquratu: "Peroxalic Acid", Novel Discourse)

Alpha-halo Acids

Post 505628 (psyloxy: "CuCl/CuCl2/I2 a-iodination of propanoic acid - 90%", Chemistry Discourse)
Post 463377 (psyloxy: "alpha-bromopropanoic acid - a final word ?", Chemistry Discourse)

Acid Halides

Post 503173 (Rhodium: "Synthesis of Phenylacetyl Chloride", Methods Discourse)