Vibrating_Lights (Hive Addict)
03-07-03 10:28
No 414530
      Preperation of 2,5dimethoxyphenyl-2-nitropropene  Bookmark   

Let me start by sayin wow.  To this date this is the easiest synth i ever seen in my life, side from making Hg2I2.  From start to finish it takes about 4.5hrs. And it requires no lab glass at all.


16.6 gms(.1mol) 2,5 dimethoxybenzaldehyde was finely powered and   dissolved in 40mls 99.9%MeOH at RT.  It took 30 mins stirring with a spatchula to get it all into solution. 

Then 7.1 gms 99% Nitroethane was added.

4gms of NaOH is dissolved into 20ml of H2O and placed into the icebath to cool.

The rxn vessel (Jar)  was placed into an ice bath until the 2,5dimethoxybenzaldehyde began to crash out. 
As soon as it began to crash out it was removed from the ice.

The NaOH solution was added with a syringe over the period of 10 mins. When all the NaOh was added the whole thing spontaniously crystalized to an yellow white color.   It did not heat up at all but still it was placed into the ice bath and stirred by hand for an hour.

100mls of cold H2O was added which did not change much at all.

1l of 2M Hcl was made.(200mlof 36%Hcl in 800mlH2O)

100 ml of the 2M Hcl solution was added into the solution.  when each drop hit it made a blue color that turned lime green after a few seconds.  When it all was added it bubbled for a few minutes and then was placed into the ice bath. At this point it was canary yellow.  the soution was yellow as were the crystals setting at the bottom.  I suspect there was more still in solution at this point.  the whole thing was put into a filter.
The filtercake was washed 3x with 50 ml of H2O
The crystals were air dried without rxtylization to a weight of 16.2 gms. 

 I say again wow. Now it is time to try with Nitromethane wink

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(Hive Bee)
03-07-03 11:21
No 414537
      Sounds awesome VL :) How come you get such a...  Bookmark   

Sounds awesome VL :)

How come you get such a tremendous yeild compared to the standard methods of preparing the nitropropenes? Is it the low temperature?

Anyway, when you add the final NaOH, you say that you make a litre and add 100 mL. You then proceed to say, that you add "the rest". Is that the rest of the 100 mL's or the litre(im pretty sure you meant the 100 mL's, just wanted to be sure).

Anyways: cheers!

(Hive Addict)
03-07-03 18:21
No 414604
      Hmmm  Bookmark   

This is not meant to shoot you down but I have a very strong suspicion that you´ve actually made the nitroalcohol. If you read the litterature on the subject of making nitrostyrenes with NaOH as the catalyst you´ll se that the reaction mixture should be poured into the acid, not the other way around which you did. This little change makes a whole lot of difference in order to obtain the nitrostyrene or the nitroalcohol.

(Hive Addict)
03-07-03 18:23
No 414607
      BTW  Bookmark   

Check the melting point of you product. The nitroalcohols has much lower melting points than the nitrostyrenes.

(Hive Addict)
03-07-03 19:04
No 414629
      I will check  Bookmark   

I will check the MPs.  What is the mp of the nitroalcohol.  even better i will reduce it and brominate it.  It did howevre go through the color changes mentioned in the writeup on rhodiums pages.  I also will try it by addding it to the acid.

Start thinking more like a chemist and less like a criminal
03-07-03 23:04
No 414668
      That sounds great if it worked.  Bookmark   

I hope your mp's match up how you want them to. 

Supposing that all went well with the above reaction, would you ever consider using 2,6-dimethoxybenzaldehyde,
3,5-dimethoxybenzaldehyde, 2,3-dimethoxybenzaldehyde, 3,4-dimethoxybenzaldehyde or 2,4-dimethoxybenzaldehyde as your starting material?

PIHKAL convers the trimethoxyamp's and 2C's rather extensively, but I have often wondered about the psychoactivity of their numerous dimethoxy cousins.

Just curious...
(I'm Yust a Typo)
03-07-03 23:05
No 414670
      shouldn't 2,5-dimethoxyphenyl-2-nitropropene...  Bookmark   

shouldn't 2,5-dimethoxyphenyl-2-nitropropene be more orange instead of yellow?
(Hive Addict)
03-08-03 05:40
No 414734
      ?  Bookmark   

I have no idea. BUt i think it is nitrostyrenes hat are orange.  I have seen people mention the yellow color dissapearing during the AL/Hg part of the reduction so i assume all is well. 

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(Hive Addict)
03-08-03 10:49
No 414797
      redo  Bookmark   

The rxn waws run again this time adding the slurry to the acid.  the crystals that formed this time had more of an orange color to them.  Reduction of the first product went like this.

13 gms Suspected nitropropene was dissolved in 250ml MeOH. 2.5 gms of NaBH4 was added over a period of 30 mins. There was much H2 evolution.  then 50mls of 20%Hcl was added and the color went to a slight greenish like MDP2P from a benzo wacker. 6 gms of amalgamated Al was aded and dissolved in 1.5hrs.  the mix was basified with 100ml of 30%NaOH and extracted 2x100ml of xylene.  this was washed with NaCl and Bicarb. 4mlof 36%Hcl was mixed with 4 ml of H2O and added to the xylene.  this was evaporated to give a green oil.  I guess it did make the nitroalcohol. 

Now time to reduce the oranger crystals. ? though
These crystals yellow/orange are pretty quick to dissolve in MeOH is that normal.

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(Hive Addict)
03-08-03 20:11
No 414853
      MeOH is useless for that reaction, even if you  Bookmark   

MeOH is useless for that reaction, even if you had the nitrostyrene you would get nothing. So you have no conclusive results here at all. Don't you read? IPA or EtOH with THF or even Et2O as co solvents but NO MeOH!  this is painful.
(Hive Addict)
03-08-03 23:04
No 414875
      what about this  Bookmark   

What about this then.  Is it bunk.

../rhodium/chemistry /dob.html

Can diethylether be used here.

If it is bunk then we really got to do something about bunk information being on Rhodiums page. 

And yes it is painful but at least someone is doing it.

As a note, the nitroproprne was a clear orange juice color
after 2x rxtlyazaton from MeOH.   During the NaBH4 addition the color went from orange juice color to a pale yellow.  When the first of the Al is added, the color goes to an amber brown color. 

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(Chief Bee)
03-08-03 23:07
No 414876
      Colors of nitrostyrenes/phenylnitropropenes  Bookmark   

BUt i think it is nitrostyrenes hat are orange.

You cannot make such a generalization, all nitrostyrenes/phenylnitropropenes show individual colors, 3,4,5-trimethoxynitrostyrene is canary yellow and 2,5-dimethoxynitrostyrene is pumpkin orange for example.
(Hive Addict)
03-08-03 23:11
No 414878
      Confirm  Bookmark   

Can any one confirm that MeOH is a suitable solvent for this rxn???

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(Chief Bee)
03-08-03 23:18
No 414883
      Nitrostyrene reduction with NaBH4  Bookmark   

Read ../rhodium/chemistry /nitrostyrene.nabh4.reduction.html - the use of MeOH is not reccommended as it decomposes the NaBH4 too fast. I will add a note about that to the procedure written by Dr Gonzo.
(Hive Bee)
03-09-03 00:24
No 414895
      Post 301717 - also has a discussion about...  Bookmark   

Post 301717 (Antoncho: "2,5-diMeO-phenylnitropropene - the "cold" way.", Chemistry Discourse)
- also has a discussion about nitroalcohols.
(Pioneer Researcher)
03-09-03 15:42
No 415025
      Clarification  Bookmark   

"and 2,5-dimethoxybenzaldehyde is pumpkin orange for example"

A typo, 2,5-dimethoxynitrostyrene is pumpkin orange for example
(Chief Bee)
03-09-03 17:28
No 415041
      typo  Bookmark   

Yes, of course... *bangs head against keyboard* crazy

I'll edit my post...
(Hive Addict)
03-09-03 19:33
No 415068
      suscess  Bookmark   

The road to suscess is paved with wasted purcursors

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(Hive Addict)
03-09-03 23:06
No 415147
      Can diethylether be used here IudexK reported...  Bookmark   

Can diethylether be used here IudexK reported sucess using t-butyl ether/IPA a couple years ago.
(Hive Addict)
03-11-03 06:39
No 415594
      As of today  Bookmark   

5gms Supposed 2,5 dimethoxyPhenyl-2-nitropropene Made Via MeOh NaOh Nitroethane then added to Hcl all at once.  Was added to [50mls toulene/10mlsEtOH/1.1gmsgms NaBH4]  at first addition of the nitropropene the solution was yellow orange like orange juice. Fter H2 fizzing had subsided 50 mls of H2O was added then 50 gms of Nacl .  This left a biphasic mixture..  There wa no color to the toulene layer. DIlute Hcl was added until there was no more fizzing.  This left the bottom layer a little greenish. The toulene was removed with a water asperator Leaving a brownish oil.  The temp during the removal of the toulene was around 150.c.  This was taken up in 150ml of MeOh and 20mls aa was added with 15mls of HgI2 solution.  14.8 gms of Al was added.  When the solution  came back to room temp it was filtered and worked up as usual.  Both phases at the extraction point were void of any identifying colors.  no amine was produced with Hcl.

WHat if weird here is that when this nitrostyrene was reduced with NaBh4 in MeOH/HCL the post Al/Hg rxn had a rust color to it that carried over into the the toulene. 
When The nitropropene was reduced today in the toulene EtOH it was clear.  also WIth the MeOh rdxn when i got to the AL phase the rxn never went to reflux.  With the rxn today it went all the way to reflux. To me that means that something was being reduced.  But why was there no amine.

Next step to make some nitropropene through the classic ammonium acetate method and see what the fuck is going on here. 
Just though I'd let yall know

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(Hive Addict)
03-11-03 11:04
No 415650
      Suggestion  Bookmark   

It seems like you had some nitrostyrene at least. After the reduction to the nitroalkane try the KCOOH/Pd-C CTH in IPA. It should work like a charm. For saftys sake don´t stress the nitroalkane like that by subjecting it to such high temps like you did last time. I know they should be able to handle those temps but it´s advisable not to push the luck.

(Hive Bee)
03-11-03 12:00
No 415674
      did you recrystallize the nitropropene  Bookmark   

before reducing it?

i have heard of problems similar to this when the starting nitropropene was not sufficiently pure.
(Hive Addict)
03-12-03 00:34
No 415846
      the NaBH4 rxn is very water sensitive, you...  Bookmark   

the NaBH4 rxn is very water sensitive, you mention using EtOH. was it anhydrous EtOH or did you dry your solvents first, you didn't mention anything about drying?

you have to be obessive/compulsive about drying the reagents for that rxn, seriously or elsecrazyfrown
(Hive Addict)
03-12-03 03:04
No 415925
      THF  Bookmark   

THF is going to be used next.  I first need to find out if the nitropropene synth is good.  I will make the nitropropene with AmmAcOH then reduce with NaBH4 in THF.  I need to compare the nitropropene to a standard synth.

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(Hive Addict)
03-12-03 17:20
No 416160
      the NaOH/MeOH condensation its a good rxn.  Bookmark   

the NaOH/MeOH condensation its a good rxn. Why don't you simply take a MP of the nitro and you wil know whether or not its any good. I expect your trouble is coming from the NaBH4 rxn. IPA or dry EtOH is what you want to use.
(Hive Addict)
03-12-03 21:47
No 416244
      honestly  Bookmark   

I don't  have a fucking thermometer.  I gave all my shit to someone and it got seized.  I hope the new shit gets here soon

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(Distinctive Doe)
03-12-03 22:23
No 416256
      I don't have a fucking thermometer.  Bookmark   

I don't  have a fucking thermometer.  I gave all my shit to someone and it got seized.  I hope the new shit gets here soon

Yea that sounds like the ideal situation to start cooking again. crazy
(Hive Addict)
03-12-03 22:34
No 416261
      learned  Bookmark   

I learned how to cook with Pots and Pans blind.  Then I had a goard of materials to work with.  Now that i have pots and pans again i really know how to use them.  Granted a thermometer is important, But the most meaningful product will always come from pots and pans(nonstick of course). Oh and I hand stirr with a teflon spatchula for hours at a time.  Now thats dedicaton.  Damn pussies with your electrik stirrplates, born with a silver stirbar in your mouth. Once I get this down I'll stirr the bucket with a plunger handle. Keep that shit real. There is no love involved in turning a switch.

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(Hive Addict)
03-12-03 22:51
No 416266
      OMG!  Bookmark   

(Hive Addict)
03-12-03 23:06
No 416273
      HeeHaw  Bookmark   


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(martha stewart's little bitch)
03-13-03 17:51
No 416579
      That's impressive  Bookmark   

You don't lack any dedication.

I was just waiting for you to write:
"I told u I was hardcore"wink

Hate is cheap, but love is