Rhodium (Chief Bee)
04-21-04 10:39
No 453752
      The Forensic Chemistry Literature  Bookmark   



Introduction

This Digest will be an ongoing project, where links to Forensic Chemistry resources will be collected, as well as citations of interest from the Forensic Chemistry literature (with links to the articles in HTML/PDF format). I will probably not be able to easily find all such references posted here myself, so I would greatly appreciate if you could PM me with any such citations you can find, formatted as below, including a link to where it can be found. 

If you experience problems with any of the PDF files, try upgrading to Acrobat Reader 6.0: (http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html)



Forensic Chemistry Resources

Forensic Chemistry Journals

Science & Justice - The Journal (http://www.forensic-science-society.org.uk/journal.html) later addition (03-17-04):

Forensic Chemistry Organizations

The Forensic Science Society (http://www.forensic-science-society.org.uk) later addition (03-17-04):
The Clandestine Laboratory Investigators Association (http://www.clialabs.com) later addition (03-17-04):
Society of Toxicological and Forensic Chemistry (http://www.gtfch.org/GTFChneuEngl.htm) latest addition (06-06-04):




Forensic Chemistry Bibliographies

Detection and Analysis of Drugs of Forensic Interest 1992-2001, A Literature Review
Robert F.X. Klein & Patrick A. Hays
Microgram Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1-2 (2003) (../rhodium/chemistry /forensic.references.html)

Abstract
The scientific literature of the detection and analysis of drugs of forensic interest, as published from 1992 through 2001, is reviewed. 1,377 references are included.




Forensic Chemistry Literature Citations

Synthetic Tetrahydrocannabinol
J.N. Lomonte, K.T. Churchill
Journal of Forensic Sciences 28(3), 762-772(1983) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/synthetic.thc.pdf)

Growing cannabis with naphthalene in Rome later addition (03-09-04):
Nadia Fucci
Forensic Science International 138(1-3), 91-93 (2003) (http://nic-nac-project.de/~tajkor/26.pdf)
DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.08.007

Morphological and chemical analysis of magic mushrooms in Japan later addition (03-09-04):
Kenji Tsujikawa, et. al.
Forensic Science International 138(1-3), 85-90 (2003) (http://nic-nac-project.de/~tajkor/27.pdf)
DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.08.009

Forensic analysis of hallucinogenic fungi: a DNA-based approach later addition (04-08-04):
Kimberly G. Nugent and Barry J. Saville
Forensic Science International 140(2-3), 147-157 (2004) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/forensic.dna-analysis.shrooms.pdf)
DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.11.022

The designer drug situation in Ibiza later addition (04-08-04):
C. Lora-Tamayo, T. Tena, A. Rodríguez, D. Moreno, J. R. Sancho, P. Enseńat and F. Muela
Forensic Science International 140(2-3), 195-206 (2004) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/ibiza.designer.drug.situation.pdf)
DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.11.021

Clandestine Drug Laboratories
John W. Gunn, Jr., B.S., Donald W. Johnson, B.A., and William P. Butler, B.S.
Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 51-64, (1970) (../rhodium/chemistry /clandestine.drug.labs.html)

Designer Drugs: Past History and Future Prospects
Henderson, G. L.
Journal of Forensic Sciences Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 569-575 (1988) (../rhodium/chemistry /designer.drugs.history.html)


Aminorex Analogs

The stereoisomers of 4-Methylaminorex
R. F. Klein, A.R. Sperling, D. A. Cooper, T. C. Kram
Journal of Forensic Sciences 34(4), 962-979 (1989) (../rhodium/djvu /cooper.djvu)

Appearance of Aminorex as a Designer Analog of 4-Methylaminorex
Marcus E. Brewster and Frank T. Davis
Journal of Forensic Sciences 36(2), 587-592 (1991) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/aminorex.pdf)

Liquid Chromatographic and Spectral Analysis of the Stereoisomers of Dimethylaminorex
F. Taylor Noggle, Jr, C. Randall Clark And Jack Deruiter
Journal of AOAC International 75(3), 423-427 (1992) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/dimetylaminorex.pdf)

Phenethylamines

4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-B): A review of the public domain literature.
Cole M.D,Lea C and Oxley N.
Science & Justice 42(4), 223-224 (2002) (../rhodium/pdf /2c-b.review.pdf)

More data about the new psychoactive drug 2C-B later addition (04-21-04):
de Boer D, Gijzels MJ, Bosman IJ and Macs RAA.
Journal of Analytical Toxicology 23, 227-228 (1999) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/2c-b.more.data.pdf)

1-Phenylethylamines: A new series of illicit drugs? later addition (04-21-04):
King LA, Poortman van der Meer AJ and Huizer H.
Forensic Science International 77(3), 141-149 (1996) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/1-phenylethylamines.illicit.drugs.pdf)

Analytical profile of 4-methylthioamphetamine (4-MTA), a new street drug later addition (04-21-04):
Poortman AJ and Lock E.
Forensic Science International 100, 221-233 (1999) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/4-mta.analytical.profile.pdf)

Tryptamines

Case Report: Foxy, a Designer Tryptamine Hallucinogen
Robert Meatherall & Pankaj Sharma
Journal of Analytical Toxicology, Vol. 27,  (2003) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/foxy-designer.tryptamine.hallucinogen.pdf)

MDMA & Analogs, Analysis

Identification of the N-Methylated Analogs of the Hallucinogenic Amphetamines later addition (03-17-04):
K. Bailey, A.W. By,
Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 56(1), 62-69 (1975) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/n-methyl-amphetamines.pdf)

Spectroscopic and Chromatographic Identification of Precursors, Intermediates, and Impurities of 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine Synthesis
Theodore Lukaszewski
J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 61(4), 951-967 (1978) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/mda.lukaszewski.pdf)

Spectrophotometric and Liquid Chromatographic Identification of 3,4-Methylenedioxyphenylisopropylamine and Its N-Methyl and N-Ethyl Homologs
F. Taylor Noggle, Jr; Jack Deruiter; Melinda J. Long
J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem., Vol. 69, No. 4, pp. 681-686 (1986) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/jaoac.mda.mdma.mde.pdf)

Synthesis, Identification, and Acute Toxicity of Some N-Alkyl Derivatives of 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine
F. Taylor Noggle, Jr; Jack Deruiter; Samuel. T. Coker; C. Randall Clark
J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem., Vol. 70, No. 6, pp. 981-986 (1987) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/jaoac.n-alkyl-mda.pdf)

Synthesis markers in illegally manufactured 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine.
M. Bohn, G. Bohn, G. Blaschke
International Journal Of Legal Medicine 106(1), 19-23 (1993) (../rhodium/djvu /bohn.djvu)

Chemical profiling of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) tablets seized in Hong Kong
Cheng WC, Poon NL, Chan MF
Journal of Forensic Sciences 48(6), 1249-1259 (2003) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/mdma.profiling.hk.pdf)

The identification of 2-chloro-4,5-methylenedioxyamphetamine in an illicit drug seizure later addition (04-21-04):
Lewis RJ, Reed D, Service, AG and Langford AM.
Journal of Forensic Sciences 45(5), 1119-1125 (2000) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/6-chloro-mdma.pdf)

(Meth)amphetamine, Impurity Analysis/Profiling

Impurities in Illicit Amphetamine. 7.
Identification of Benzyl Methyl Ketone Phenylisopropylimine and Benzyl Methyl Ketone Benzylimine in Amphetamine

A.B.E. Theeuwen and A.M.A. Verweij
Forensic Science International, Vol 15, 237-241 (1980) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/amph.impurities-7.pdf)

The Origin of Alkenes in Illicit Amphetamine:
An Examination of the Illicit Syntheses of Phenyl-2-Propanone

I.J.Forbes & K.P.Kirkbridge
Journal of Forensic Sciences 37(5), 1311-1318 (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/amph.impur.p2p-alkenes.pdf)

Contaminants in Illicit Amphetamine Preparations
J.N. Lomonte, W.T. Lowry & I.C. Stone
Journal of Forensic Sciences 21, 575-582 (1976) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/amph.impurities.pdf)

Composition of Methamphetamine Prepared from Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine later addition (04-04-04):
F. Taylor Noggle, Jr., Jack DeRuiter and C. Randall Clark
Anal. Chem. 58, 1643-1648 (1986) (../rhodium/pdf /cl-ephedrine.pdf)

Synthesis, Identification, and Acute Toxicity of -Benzylphenethylamine and -Benzyl-N-Methylphenethylamine.
Contaminants in Clandestine Preparation of Amphetamine and Methamphetamine

F. Taylor Noggle, Jr, C. Randall Clark, Timothy W. Davenport, Samuel T. Coker
J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Assoc. 68(6), 1213-1222 (1985) (../rhodium/pdf /meth.impur.bn-pea.pdf)

alpha-Benzyl-N-methylphenethylamine (BNMPA), an impurity of illicit methamphetamine synthesis:
Pharmacological evaluation and interaction with methamphetamine
later addition (04-04-04):
Karla A. Moore, Aron H. Lichtman, Alphonse Poklis and Joseph F. Borzelleca
Drug and Alcohol Dependence Volume 39, Issue 2 , August 1995, Pages 83-89
DOI:10.1016/0376-8716(95)01140-T


Pharmacological characterization of BNMPA (alpha-benzyl-N-methylphenethylamine),
an impurity of illicit methamphetamine synthesis
later addition (04-04-04):
Karla A. Moore, Tooraj Mirshahi, David R. Compton, Alphonse Poklis and John J. Woodward
European Journal of Pharmacology Volume 311, Issues 2-3 , 12 September 1996, Pages 133-139
DOI:10.1016/0014-2999(96)00436-0


-Benzyl-N-Methylphenethylamine (BNMPA), an Impurity of Illicit Methamphetamine Synthesis:
III. Detection of BNMPA and Metabolites in Urine of Methamphetamine Users
later addition (04-21-04):
Karla A. Moore, Abd Ismaiel and Alphonse Poklis
Journal of Analytical Toxicology, Vol. 20, 89-92 (1996) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/bnmpa-3.detection.pdf)
 
 
 
 
    Rhodium
(Chief Bee)
10-18-04 12:29
No 453752
      The Forensic Chemistry Literature  Bookmark   



Introduction

This Digest will be an ongoing project, where links to Forensic Chemistry resources will be collected, as well as citations of interest from the Forensic Chemistry literature (with links to the articles in HTML/PDF format). I will probably not be able to easily find all such references posted here myself, so I would greatly appreciate if you could PM me with any such citations you can find, formatted as below, including a link to where it can be found. 

If you experience problems with any of the PDF files, try upgrading to Acrobat Reader 6.0: (http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html)



Forensic Chemistry Resources

Forensic Chemistry Journals

Science & Justice - The Journal (http://www.forensic-science-society.org.uk/journal.html) (Added 03-17-04):
Forensic Science International (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03790738) latest addition (10-18-04):
Journal of Forensic Sciences (http://www.astm.org/cgi-bin/SoftCart.exe/JOURNALS/FORENSIC/jofs_home.html?L+mystore+qewu4612+1098098377) latest addition (10-18-04):

Forensic Chemistry Organizations

The Forensic Science Society (http://www.forensic-science-society.org.uk) (Added 03-17-04):
The Clandestine Laboratory Investigators Association (http://www.clialabs.com) (Added 03-17-04):
Society of Toxicological and Forensic Chemistry (http://www.gtfch.org/GTFChneuEngl.htm) later addition (06-06-04):




Forensic Chemistry Bibliographies

Detection and Analysis of Drugs of Forensic Interest 1992-2001, A Literature Review
Robert F.X. Klein & Patrick A. Hays
Microgram Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1-2 (2003) (../rhodium/chemistry /forensic.references.html)

Abstract
The scientific literature of the detection and analysis of drugs of forensic interest, as published from 1992 through 2001, is reviewed. 1,377 references are included.




Forensic Chemistry Literature Citations

Synthetic Tetrahydrocannabinol
J.N. Lomonte, K.T. Churchill
Journal of Forensic Sciences 28(3), 762-772(1983) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/synthetic.thc.pdf)

Growing cannabis with naphthalene in Rome (Added 03-09-04):
Nadia Fucci
Forensic Science International 138(1-3), 91-93 (2003) (http://nic-nac-project.de/~tajkor/26.pdf)
DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.08.007

Morphological and chemical analysis of magic mushrooms in Japan (Added 03-09-04):
Kenji Tsujikawa, et. al.
Forensic Science International 138(1-3), 85-90 (2003) (http://nic-nac-project.de/~tajkor/27.pdf)
DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.08.009

Forensic analysis of hallucinogenic fungi: a DNA-based approach (Added 04-08-04):
Kimberly G. Nugent and Barry J. Saville
Forensic Science International 140(2-3), 147-157 (2004) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/forensic.dna-analysis.shrooms.pdf)
DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.11.022

The designer drug situation in Ibiza (Added 04-08-04):
C. Lora-Tamayo, T. Tena, A. Rodríguez, D. Moreno, J. R. Sancho, P. Enseńat and F. Muela
Forensic Science International 140(2-3), 195-206 (2004) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/ibiza.designer.drug.situation.pdf)
DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.11.021

Clandestine Drug Laboratories
John W. Gunn, Jr., B.S., Donald W. Johnson, B.A., and William P. Butler, B.S.
Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 51-64, (1970) (../rhodium/chemistry /clandestine.drug.labs.html)

Designer Drugs: Past History and Future Prospects
Henderson, G. L.
Journal of Forensic Sciences Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 569-575 (1988) (../rhodium/chemistry /designer.drugs.history.html)

Forensic Aspects of High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography latest addition (10-18-04):
B. B. Wheals
Journal of Chromatography, 122, 85–105 (1976) (../rhodium/djvu /hplc.forensic.aspects.djvu)

The separation of a wide range of drugs of abuse by high-pressure liquid chromatography latest addition (10-18-04):
I. Jane
Journal of Chromatography, 111, 227-233 (1975) (../rhodium/pdf /hplc.drugs-of-abuse.separation.pdf)

Analyses of impurities in methamphetamine by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and ion chromatography latest addition (10-18-04):
Shin-Ichi Suzuki, Hitoshi Tsuchihashi. Kunio Nakajima, Akira Matsushita, Takeo Nagao
J. Chrom. 437, 322-327 (1988) (../rhodium/pdf /meth.impurity.analysis.icp-ms.pdf)

Use of Bonded-Phase Silica Sorbents for Rapid Sampling of Impurities in Illicit Amphetamine for High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic Analyses latest addition (10-18-04):
Marit Lambrechts and Knut E. Rasmussen
J. Chrom. 331, 339-348 (1985) (../rhodium/pdf /amph.impurity.sampling.pdf)

Capillary Electrophoresis Analysis of a Wide Variety of Seized Drugs latest addition (10-18-04):
Ira S. Lurie Patrick A. Hays Kimberly Parker
Electrophoresis 2004, 25, 1580–1591


Cocaine Related

Illicit Production of Cocaine latest addition (10-18-04):
Casale JF, Klein RFX
Forensic Science Review 5, 95-107 (1993) (../rhodium/chemistry /cocaine.illicit.production.html)

A Practical Total Synthesis of Cocaine's Enantiomers latest addition (10-18-04):
John F. Casale
Forensic Science International 33, 275-298 (1987) (../rhodium/chemistry /cocaine.total.synthesis.html)

The Cocaine Diastereoisomers latest addition (10-18-04):
Allen AC, Cooper DA, Kiser WO, Cottrell RC
J. Forensic Sci. 26(1), 12-26 (1981) (../rhodium/chemistry /cocaine.diastereoisomers.html)

Contamination of Clandestinely Prepared Drugs With Synthetic By-Products latest addition (10-18-04):
William H. Soine
NIDA Research Monograph #95, pp. 44-50 (1989) (../rhodium/chemistry /amphetamine-cocaine.impurities.html)


Khat, Methcathinone & Analogs

Rapid TLC identification test for khat (Catha edulis) latest addition (10-18-04):
T. Lehmann , S. Geisshüsler and R. Brenneisen
Forensic Science International 45(1-2), 47-51 (1990) (../rhodium/chemistry /khat.tlc.html)

The Identification of Cathinone in Khat (Catha edulis) - A Time Study latest addition (10-18-04):
Marsha M. Lee
J. Forensic Sci. 40(1), 116-121 (1995) (../rhodium/chemistry /cathinone.khat.html)

Ephedrone: 2-Methylamino-1-Phenylpropan-1-One (Jeff) latest addition (10-18-04):
Journal of Forensic Sciences 36(3), 915-920 (1991)
K. Y. Zhingel, W. Dovensky, A. Crossman and A. Allen (../rhodium/chemistry /ephedrone.html)

[New, previously unavailable on the illegal drug market amphetamine derivatives with a partial propiophenone structure] latest addition (10-18-04):
Fritschi G, Klein B, Rösner P
Arch Kriminol. 200(1-2), 8-16 (1997) (../rhodium/pdf /34-md-2-pyr-propiophenone.pdf)

Methaqualone (Quaalude) and Analogs

Identification of Some Chemical Analogues and Positional Isomers of Methaqualone latest addition (10-18-04):
Dal Cason TA, Angelos SA, Washington O
J. Forensic Sci. 26(4), 793-833 (1981)




Aminorex Analogs

The stereoisomers of 4-Methylaminorex
R. F. Klein, A.R. Sperling, D. A. Cooper, T. C. Kram
Journal of Forensic Sciences 34(4), 962-979 (1989) (../rhodium/chemistry /4-mar.stereoisomers.html)

Appearance of Aminorex as a Designer Analog of 4-Methylaminorex
Marcus E. Brewster and Frank T. Davis
Journal of Forensic Sciences 36(2), 587-592 (1991) (../rhodium/chemistry /aminorex.html)

Liquid Chromatographic and Spectral Analysis of the Stereoisomers of Dimethylaminorex
F. Taylor Noggle, Jr, C. Randall Clark And Jack Deruiter
Journal of AOAC International 75(3), 423-427 (1992) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/dimetylaminorex.pdf)

A Fatality Involving U4Euh latest addition (10-18-04):
FT Davis and ME Brewster
J. Forensic Sci. 33, 549-553 (1988) (../rhodium/chemistry /u4euh.fatality.html)

Spectral distinction between cis- and trans-4-methylaminorex latest addition (10-18-04):
A. W. By , B. A. Dawson , B. A. Lodge and W-W. Sy
Forensic Sci. Int. 43(1), 83-91 (1989) (../rhodium/chemistry /4-mar.cis-trans.isomers.html)


Phenethylamines

4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-B): A review of the public domain literature.
Cole M.D,Lea C and Oxley N.
Science & Justice 42(4), 223-224 (2002) (../rhodium/pdf /2c-b.review.pdf)

More data about the new psychoactive drug 2C-B later addition (04-21-04):
de Boer D, Gijzels MJ, Bosman IJ and Macs RAA.
Journal of Analytical Toxicology 23, 227-228 (1999) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/2c-b.more.data.pdf)

1-Phenylethylamines: A new series of illicit drugs? later addition (04-21-04):
King LA, Poortman van der Meer AJ and Huizer H.
Forensic Science International 77(3), 141-149 (1996) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/1-phenylethylamines.illicit.drugs.pdf)

Analytical profile of 4-methylthioamphetamine (4-MTA), a new street drug later addition (04-21-04):
Poortman AJ and Lock E.
Forensic Science International 100, 221-233 (1999) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/4-mta.analytical.profile.pdf)

Chromatographic Methods for the Identification of the New Hallucinogen, 4-Methyl-2,5-dimethoxy-α-methylphenethylamine, and Related Drugs latest addition (10-18-04):
K. Genest and D. W. Hughes
The Analyst, Vol. 93, No 1109 485-489 (1968) (../rhodium/pdf /dom.chromatography.pdf)

Crystal and Molecular Structure of the Psychotropic Drug 2-(4-Ethyl-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-methylethylamine (4-Ethyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine) latest addition (10-18-04):
Olga Kennard, Carmel Giacovazzo, Alan S. Horn, Romano Mongiorgi and Lodovico Riva di Sanseverino
J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 1160-1163 (1974) (../rhodium/pdf /doet.crystal.structure.pdf)

Spectroscopic and Chromatographic Identification of Dimethoxyamphetamines latest addition (10-18-04):
Keith Bailey, Donald Legault, and Denise Verner
Journal of the AOAC, Vol. 57, No. 1, 70-78 (1974) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/jaoac.dma.identification.pdf)

The Mass Spectra of Dimethoxyamphetamine Hydrochlorides latest addition (10-18-04):
K. Bailey
Anal. Chim. Acta 60, 287-292 (1972) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/dma-hcl.mass-spectra.pdf)

Investigation and Identification of the Bromination Products of Dimethoxyamphetamines latest addition (10-18-04):
Keith Bailey, Denise R. Gagné, and Richard K. Pike
Journal of the AOAC, Vol. 59, No. 5, pp. 1162-1169 (1976) (../rhodium/pdf /jaoac.dob-analogs.pdf)

Identification of 2-, 3-, and 4-Methoxyamphetamines and 2-, 3-, and 4-Methylamphetamines latest addition (10-18-04):
Keith Bailey Harry D. Beckstead, Donald Legault, and Denise Verner
Journal of the AOAC 57(5), 1134-1143  (1974) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/metyl.methoxy.amph.pdf)

The Identification of Methoxy-N-Methylamphetamines latest addition (10-18-04):
Charles C. Clark
Journal of Forensic Sciences 29(4), 1056-1071 (1984) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/methoxy-n-methyl-amphetamines.pdf)


Tryptamines

Case Report: Foxy, a Designer Tryptamine Hallucinogen
Robert Meatherall & Pankaj Sharma
Journal of Analytical Toxicology, Vol. 27,  (2003) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/foxy-designer.tryptamine.hallucinogen.pdf)

MDMA & Analogs, Analysis

N-Ethyl-2-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-propan-1-amin eine neue Designerdroge mit der Struktur eines beta-isomeren MDE latest addition (10-18-04):
P. Rösner, L. Zechlin, Th. Junge
Toxichem + Krimtech 70(2), 82-86 (2003) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/n-ethyl-2-%5B3.4-methylendioxyphenyl%5D-1-propanamin.beta-mde.pdf)

The Characterization of Some 3,4-Methylenedioxyphenylisopropylamine (MDA) Analogs latest addition (10-18-04):
Dal Cason TA,
J. Forensic Sci. 34, 928–961 (1989) (../rhodium/chemistry /mda.analogs.characterization.html)

Differentiation of 2,3-Methylenedioxyamphetamine from 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine latest addition (10-18-04):
William H. Soine, Robert E. Shark and Delbert T. Agee
Journal of Forensic Sciences 28(2), 386-390 (1983) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/23-mda.34-mda.differentiation.pdf)

Identification of the N-Methylated Analogs of the Hallucinogenic Amphetamines (Added 03-17-04):
K. Bailey, A.W. By,
Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 56(1), 62-69 (1975) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/n-methyl-amphetamines.pdf)

Spectroscopic and Chromatographic Identification of Precursors, Intermediates, and Impurities of 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine Synthesis
Theodore Lukaszewski
J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 61(4), 951-967 (1978) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/mda.lukaszewski.pdf)

Spectrophotometric and Liquid Chromatographic Identification of 3,4-Methylenedioxyphenylisopropylamine and Its N-Methyl and N-Ethyl Homologs
F. Taylor Noggle, Jr; Jack Deruiter; Melinda J. Long
J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem., Vol. 69, No. 4, pp. 681-686 (1986) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/jaoac.mda.mdma.mde.pdf)

Synthesis, Identification, and Acute Toxicity of Some N-Alkyl Derivatives of 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine
F. Taylor Noggle, Jr; Jack Deruiter; Samuel. T. Coker; C. Randall Clark
J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem., Vol. 70, No. 6, pp. 981-986 (1987) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/jaoac.n-alkyl-mda.pdf)

Synthesis markers in illegally manufactured 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine.
M. Bohn, G. Bohn, G. Blaschke
International Journal Of Legal Medicine 106(1), 19-23 (1993) (../rhodium/djvu /bohn.djvu)

Chemical profiling of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) tablets seized in Hong Kong
Cheng WC, Poon NL, Chan MF
Journal of Forensic Sciences 48(6), 1249-1259 (2003) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/mdma.profiling.hk.pdf)

The identification of 2-chloro-4,5-methylenedioxyamphetamine in an illicit drug seizure later addition (04-21-04):
Lewis RJ, Reed D, Service, AG and Langford AM.
Journal of Forensic Sciences 45(5), 1119-1125 (2000) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/6-chloro-mdma.pdf)

Optimization of extraction parameters for the chemical profiling of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) tablets recent addition (10-04-04):
Pascal Gimeno, Fabrice Besacier
Forensic Science International, 132(3), 182-194 (2003) (../rhodium/pdf /mdma.impurity.extraction.optimization.pdf)

Hydrastinin: An Impurity in 3,4-(Methylenedioxy)methamphetamine latest addition (10-18-04):
Anthonie M. A. Verweij
Arch. Krim. 188(1-2), 54-57 (1991) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/mdma.hydrastinin.pdf)

Impurity profiling of seized MDMA tablets by capillary gas chromatography latest addition (10-18-04):
Fabien Palhol, Sophie Boyer, Norbert Naulet, Martine Chabrillat
Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 374(2), 274-281 (2002) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/mdma.tablets.impurity.profiling.pdf)


(Meth)amphetamine, Impurity Analysis/Profiling

Identification of Amphetamines and Related Sympathomimetic Amines latest addition (10-18-04):
R. J. Warren, P. P. Begosh, And J. E. Zarembo
J. Ass. Off. Anal. Chem. 54(5), 1179-1191 (1971) (../rhodium/pdf /amphetamine.identification.pdf)

Some chromatographic and electrophoretic data for amphetamine-like drugs latest addition (10-18-04):
G. P. Cartoni, M. Lederer and F. Polidori
J. Chromatogr. 71, 370-375 (1972) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/amph.chromatographic.data.pdf)

Analysis of illicit amphetamine seizures by capillary zone electrophoresis latest addition (10-18-04):
Veronique Piette, Frans Parmentier
Journal of Chromatography A, 979 (2002) 345Ц352


Methamphetamine synthesis via reductive alkylation hydrogenolysis of phenyl-2-propanone with N-benzylmethylamine latest addition (10-18-04):
Harry F. Skinner
Forensic Sci. Int. 60(3), 155-162 (1993) (../rhodium/chemistry /meth.redamin.benzylmethylamine.html)

Impurity profiling of methamphetamine hydrochloride drugs seized in the Philippines latest addition (10-18-04):
Fabian M. Dayrit and Morphy C. Dumlao
Forensic Science International 144(1), 29-36 (2004) (../rhodium/pdf/forensic/meth.hcl.impurities.philippines.pdf)

Identification of Impurities in Illicit Methamphetamine Samples latest addition (10-18-04):
Robert P. Barron, Alice V. Kruegel, James. M. Moore and Theodore C. Kram
Journal of the AOAC 57(5), 1147-1158 (1974) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/jaoac.meth.impurities.pdf)

Profiling of impurities in illicit methamphetamine by HPLC and capillary electrochromatography latest addition (10-18-04):
Ira S. Lurie, Christopher G. Bailey, Deon S. Anex, M. Jason Bethea, Timothy D. McKibben, John F. Casale
Journal of Chromatography A, 870, 53Ц68 (2000) (../rhodium/pdf /meth.impurity.profiling.pdf)

Impurities in illicit amphetamine 6.
Identification of phenyl-2-propanol, amphetamine and N,N-dimethylamphetamine in methamphetamine
latest addition (10-18-04):
A. M. v. d. Ark, A. B. E. Theeuwen and A. M. A. Verweij
Arch. Krim. 162, 171-175 (1978) (../rhodium/chemistry /amph.impurities-6.html)

Impurities in Illicit Amphetamine. 7.
Identification of Benzyl Methyl Ketone Phenylisopropylimine and Benzyl Methyl Ketone Benzylimine in Amphetamine

A.B.E. Theeuwen and A.M.A. Verweij
Forensic Science International, Vol 15, 237-241 (1980) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/amph.impurities-7.pdf)

The Origin of Alkenes in Illicit Amphetamine:
An Examination of the Illicit Syntheses of Phenyl-2-Propanone

I.J.Forbes & K.P.Kirkbridge
Journal of Forensic Sciences 37(5), 1311-1318 (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/amph.impur.p2p-alkenes.pdf)

Contaminants in Illicit Amphetamine Preparations
J.N. Lomonte, W.T. Lowry & I.C. Stone
Journal of Forensic Sciences 21, 575-582 (1976) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/amph.impurities.pdf)

Composition of Methamphetamine Prepared from Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine (Added 04-04-04):
F. Taylor Noggle, Jr., Jack DeRuiter and C. Randall Clark
Anal. Chem. 58, 1643-1648 (1986) (../rhodium/pdf /cl-ephedrine.pdf)

Synthesis, Identification, and Acute Toxicity of -Benzylphenethylamine and -Benzyl-N-Methylphenethylamine.
Contaminants in Clandestine Preparation of Amphetamine and Methamphetamine

F. Taylor Noggle, Jr, C. Randall Clark, Timothy W. Davenport, Samuel T. Coker
J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Assoc. 68(6), 1213-1222 (1985) (../rhodium/pdf /meth.impur.bn-pea.pdf)

alpha-Benzyl-N-methylphenethylamine (BNMPA), an impurity of illicit methamphetamine synthesis:
Pharmacological evaluation and interaction with methamphetamine
(Added 04-04-04):
Karla A. Moore, Aron H. Lichtman, Alphonse Poklis and Joseph F. Borzelleca
Drug and Alcohol Dependence Volume 39, Issue 2 , August 1995, Pages 83-89
DOI:10.1016/0376-8716(95)01140-T


Pharmacological characterization of BNMPA (alpha-benzyl-N-methylphenethylamine),
an impurity of illicit methamphetamine synthesis
(Added 04-04-04):
Karla A. Moore, Tooraj Mirshahi, David R. Compton, Alphonse Poklis and John J. Woodward
European Journal of Pharmacology Volume 311, Issues 2-3 , 12 September 1996, Pages 133-139
DOI:10.1016/0014-2999(96)00436-0


-Benzyl-N-Methylphenethylamine (BNMPA), an Impurity of Illicit Methamphetamine Synthesis:
III. Detection of BNMPA and Metabolites in Urine of Methamphetamine Users
later addition (04-21-04):
Karla A. Moore, Abd Ismaiel and Alphonse Poklis
Journal of Analytical Toxicology, Vol. 20, 89-92 (1996) (../rhodium/pdf /forensic/bnmpa-3.detection.pdf)